How does an Electric Car work ? | Tesla Model S

  • Published on May 30, 2017
  • Electric cars are making big waves in the automobile world. These noise-free, pollution-free and high-performance vehicles are expected to make their I.C. engine counterparts obsolete by 2025. This video will unveil the hidden technologies behind the Tesla Model S, which recently became the world’s fastest accelerating car. We will see how electric cars have achieved superior performance by analyzing the technology behind the induction motor, inverter, lithium ion battery power source, regenerative braking and above all, the synchronized vehicle mechanism, in a logical, step-by-step manner. The working and features of Tesla car is explained here with help of animation.
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Comments • 4 345

  • Learn Engineering
    Learn Engineering  2 years ago +345

    Dear friends, please don't forget to support us at . Your support keeps us going !

    • Nitya Sree
      Nitya Sree 4 months ago

      I think Tesla has high range but in the video while mentioning the disadvantages ... It is mentioned that it had low range.... Can anyone explain to me about that please

    • Jason B
      Jason B 4 months ago +1

      Model Y is fully electric, so you never need to visit a gas station again. If you charge overnight at home, you can wake up to a full battery every morning. And when you’re on the road, it’s easy to plug in along the way-at any public station or with the Tesla charging network. We currently have over 12,000 Superchargers worldwide, with six new locations opening every week.

    • Jason B
      Jason B 4 months ago +1

      59,000 thousand dollars....not bad!....rims make the differnce in the colors: the model x. pretty!%.

    • Jason B
      Jason B 4 months ago +1

      there is alot of decaffeinated brands on the market....whats with these shark fins?...on cars now adays?

  • Kris Qrwa
    Kris Qrwa 6 hours ago +1

    How much pollution you need to charge the Tesla?? The energy is not made from air .

  • Normal Human
    Normal Human 7 hours ago

    I hate teslas more than toyota Camry's



  • kisumusika
    kisumusika 2 days ago

    Im wondering if a dinamo can be put in place in the car so it could some how charge another battery pack when the other one has run out and with electronic tuning, when one battery pack runs out it automatically will switch over to the other battery pack and then when that one runs out it will switch over to the charged battery that was being charged while the dynamo was working to charge it and a panel could be put in place in the front of the car to show when it has charged so you could switch it off so you don't over charge the batteries giving them longer life and then it will show up on the panel when the 1st battery gets low in energy and then when it runs out, it automatically will switch over to the dynamo charged battery and then you could switch on the dynamo to charge the used second battery so it can now charge while the dynamo is working, then you wont ever have to charge it at a charge point. Also charge points in some countries that have so much sun could be run on solar power

    • kisumusika
      kisumusika 2 days ago

      also in hot countries they could have cars and trucks that could have solar panels on the roof with smash proof glass in case some golf ball size hailstones decide to fall from the sky and wreck the panels. The energy from the sun could hit the solar panels and power water powered batteries as they are being made

  • Luigi Ferrario
    Luigi Ferrario 3 days ago +2

    Why is the Giulia running faster at the Nürburgring than the new Porsche Taycan?
    Because of physics ... nothing but physics ... all physics!
    1) The Giulia has a mass of: 1600 kg! that of Taycan: 2300 kg !!! 700 kg more !!!
    What did my master think Colin Chapman ... increase the power of a car and you will go quickly in a straight line ... take him off the weight and you will go quickly everywhere ...
    2) the battery (physical aberration for a car ...) about 100 kWh of capacity! = a power of 136 HP for one hour ... 272 ​​HP for half an hour ... 544 HP for 15 min ... So the delivered power is not constant during the lap of the circuit ... the electrons leave but its mass remains what is not the case of the Giulia whose mass decreases with the consumption of gas!
    3) The center of gravity and the moment of polar inertia!
    The provision of all the floor for the batteries certainly lower the center of gravity of the car but this device has not only advantages for a 100% electric car ... the two electric motors one in front of the axle before the other behind the rear axle their mass with the transfer case and the differential are very far from the axis of the center of gravity of the car ... which results in a noticeable increase in the moment of polar inertia of the whole car ... the high-speed handling is not as favorable as the GIULIA TRANSAXLE system
    Engine + gearbox very close to the center of gravity of the car!

    • Luigi Ferrario
      Luigi Ferrario Day ago

      Pourquoi la Giulia tourne plus vite au Nürburgring que la nouvelle Porsche Taycan ?
      A cause de la physique... rien que la physique... toute la physique !
      1)La Giulia a une masse de : 1600 kg ! celle de la Taycan : 2300 kg !!! soit 700 kg de plus !!!
      Que disait mon maître à penser Colin Chapman...augmentez la puissance d'une automobile et vous irez vite en ligne droite...enlevez-lui du poids et vous irez vite partout...
      2) la batterie ( aberration physique pour une automobile... ) environ 100 kWh de capacité ! = une puissance de 136 CV pendant une heure...272 CV pendant une demi-heure...544 CV pendant 15 min...Donc la puissance délivrée n'est pas constante pendant la durée du tour du circuit...les électrons partent mais sa masse demeure ce qui n'est pas le cas de la Giulia dont sa masse diminue avec la consommation d'essence !
      3) Le centre de gravité et le moment d'inertie polaire !
      La disposition de tout le plancher pour les batteries abaissent certes le centre de gravité de la voiture mais ce dispositif n'a pas que des avantages pour une voiture 100 % électrique...les deux moteurs électriques un devant l'essieu avant l'autre derrière l'essieu arrière leur masse avec la boîte de transfert et le différentiel sont très éloignés de l'axe du centre de gravité de la voiture...ce qui a pour conséquence une augmentation notable du moment d'inertie polaire de toute la maniabilité à haute vitesse n' est pas aussi favorable que le système TRANSAXLE de la GIULIA
      Moteur + boîte à vitesse très proche du centre de gravité de la voiture !

  • darochavieira
    darochavieira 3 days ago

    No need for batteries....Tesla did his car, and was 15 days straight running non-stop in the 1900´s ....with no batteries....nobody wanted it

  • Paul
    Paul 3 days ago

    cant wait for a DC camper van , you will never see me again !

  • Paul
    Paul 3 days ago

    Thank you for using a right hand drive vehicle & only using metric , great stuff !

  • Richard Chapman
    Richard Chapman 3 days ago

    Still the best video explanation of a Tesla Model S/X yet!!

  • risalat sabbir
    risalat sabbir 4 days ago +3

    And the world does not want us to know about nicola tesla. respect to the company cause the car is named after tesla.

  • Jose Carlos Emerenciano

    O sistema da Tesla é muito bom mas, eu acho que se for colocado um motor diretamente no semi eixo de cada roda reduziria as perdas com a transmissão, desgaste das engrenagens e a necessidade de lubrificação, trazendo menor custo de manutenção e reduzindo a quantidade de componentes mecânicos no carro.

  • Kizito Nangabo
    Kizito Nangabo 4 days ago

    wat of heavy trucks? i guess those will remain on oil.

  • Sailor376also
    Sailor376also 5 days ago

    Everything you claim for this car is correct except. At present, in the United States this automobile contributes 3 times more CO2 than a comparable gasoline powered auto. The US electric grid is nearly 80% generated from fossil fuels. The electric grid delivers to the charge of the at an overall efficiency of 10% or less. The average generator is 45 years old, the average age of overhead transmission wires is more than 80 years old.

    There IS a cure. More wind, more solar, and USE the electric auto battery packs as both the storage for the grid, solar and wind are intermittent, and the storage for the automobile. OR,,, build some very large batteries to store the solar and wind for the 'rainy day'.

    In the meanwhile,,, tell the truth,, a Tesla is mostly a coal fired car. Which came first, the chicken or the egg? In this case, the chicken came first, a Tesla, and the egg, renewable electric, better follow it quickly.

    • Richard Chapman
      Richard Chapman 3 days ago

      Sailor376also Bahahaa total uninformed BS, widely discredited! Ignore! 🤣

  • Roger Allen
    Roger Allen 5 days ago +1

    This is a good video but I just couldn't finish watching it, the narrator is quite annoying with the upwards inflection at the end of every sentence, it's as if he doesn't care about or understand what he is reading and ruins the the work that went in to making the video.

  • Dana McCall
    Dana McCall 5 days ago

    Why in the world did they portray a drive-right front seat?

    • Richard Chapman
      Richard Chapman 3 days ago

      For those of us in Australia, the UK, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong and all the markets where RHD is important for Tesla!! 😂

  • Yogifly Fpv
    Yogifly Fpv 7 days ago

    Colaboria encanto en tu patrion, pero el que piedas ayuda en España y tus videos sean en inglés.. Me tiro para atrás en la colaboración y ayuda a tu canal. Saludos

  • the jaywezee
    the jaywezee 8 days ago

    Why don't they self charge? Because big oil would lose money.

    • Steven Castellanos
      Steven Castellanos 5 days ago

      No, the tech isn't there yet. If you put a Megapack at a solar powered Supercharger station then you take big oil and natural gas out of the equation. Look at the new battery Tesla just patented which will last much longer and charge much faster. Also look up Jack Rickard's Tesla Conspiracy.

  • Nagoo Midoonesti
    Nagoo Midoonesti 9 days ago

    همین ویدیو به زبان فارسی:

  • Jimmy Liengkul
    Jimmy Liengkul 9 days ago

    Where is air conditioner unit ?

  • Nassim Koubeissi
    Nassim Koubeissi 9 days ago +5

    I appreciate the hard work on this video which make anyone learn about this new electric concept
    I wish the authors read my reply
    And do a video about the
    Thank you in advance 👋😀

  • Dan Vercruysse
    Dan Vercruysse 9 days ago

    Is there a video about how the thermal system works? I understand it hooks to the motor and batteries but how is it hooked up to cool or eat the batteries for winter? How do the pumps get hooked up?

  • Rez
    Rez 10 days ago +3

    I would love to swap an electric engine into an SL-C Superlite supercar. I just don’t know enough about it yet

  • Fy 1r
    Fy 1r 12 days ago +1

    0:25 aight, I'm bouta head out

  • Clement Chishimba
    Clement Chishimba 12 days ago

    power to weight ratio consider the weight to the battery pack also

  • S WIBOWO92
    S WIBOWO92 12 days ago


  • FrankZ06
    FrankZ06 13 days ago

    Great video, I'd rather have a V8 Camaro though.

    • Reverted RF
      Reverted RF 7 days ago

      FrankZ06 I'd rather have a Ferrari than a Camaro. Ew.

    Faruk ÇELEPKOLU 13 days ago +3

    Learned more in this 10 minutes video than my entire 4 year engineering education

    • Silent N Play
      Silent N Play 8 days ago

      that's called brilliant people teach :)

  • Nick Name
    Nick Name 13 days ago

    Fuel engine look so primitive .

  • real recognize real
    real recognize real 14 days ago +2

    If install a transmission in Tesla and use a small motor then Is it possible to run longer?

  • Wilson Júnior
    Wilson Júnior 16 days ago

    This channel is amazing. Thanks guys... and to YT algorithm that put me here.

  • Srinivasa Rao
    Srinivasa Rao 18 days ago

    Good information on Electrical Vehicles. Thanks.

  • Lars Sims
    Lars Sims 19 days ago +1

    “Low cost of maintaining a electric car”
    You do realize that lithium ion batteries degrade and must be replaced with new batteries right?

  • Lars Sims
    Lars Sims 19 days ago

    “Pollution free”
    Hmmm how do we make electricity?

  • D Matt21
    D Matt21 21 day ago +2

    A decent video, I'm thrilled with the results of electric cars.

  • Myk AutoTrader
    Myk AutoTrader 21 day ago

    Tesla is just ready to beat by other companies
    These new Upcoming electric Cars will be best in 2019

  • Dwi Sumardiono
    Dwi Sumardiono 21 day ago

    Kapan iso nduwe montor ngene

  • Sizifus
    Sizifus 21 day ago

    If I follow this correctly, the increase in the amplitude of AC current should increase the torque, while the increase of the frequency should increase the RPM of the induction motor. Is this right?

  • Damiano Martucci
    Damiano Martucci 22 days ago +1

    Finally we will stop a considerable part of pollution.

    • Damiano Martucci
      Damiano Martucci 5 days ago

      @Dana McCall Yes, it is obvious we have to develop renewable sources

    • Dana McCall
      Dana McCall 5 days ago

      Damiano Martucci How are those batteries charged, again? Gonna have to wait for supreme advances in solar for your statement to be appropriate. It WILL come, just not yet.

  • zeusfriends
    zeusfriends 22 days ago

    how much???
    1- where electricty that operate that power bank comes from?
    2- Li batteries pollution in production?
    3- They assume that electricity is cheap now because it comes from carbon based, and when we use solar panels it will costs twice as much .... with the same pollution in production!!!

    I see those tesla are useless ,,,and unless you make a solution that costs as much as oil then please shut up or go do some real R&D

  • Philippe Maes
    Philippe Maes 24 days ago

    Bais vu les problèmes qu ils ont avec leurs véhicules ils vaut mieux éviter

    • 8605 SB
      8605 SB 22 days ago +1

      Peut-être. Je pencherais plutôt pour dire que les voitures à hydrogène sont le futur, sauf qu’on a pas trouvé un moyen d’en créer en grande quantité et pour pas cher.

  • Bhagirath Gurjar
    Bhagirath Gurjar 24 days ago

    Well done and thanks to make such videos 👍

  • Luigi Ferrario
    Luigi Ferrario 24 days ago +1

    Giulia Quadrifoglio: Mass: 1524 kg / 510 HP (375 kW) = 2.98 kg per CV! or: 1524 kg / 375 kW = 4.06 kg per kW!
    Tesla S 100 D: Mass: 2200 kg / 367 hp (270 kW) = 5.99 kg per HP! or: 2200 kg / 270 kW = 8.14 kg per kW!
    In the long run, however, I am not convinced that storage of energy in batteries makes sense given the unfavorable relationship between the weight of the battery and the power supplied. In this respect, gasoline engines have a much better relationship! C.Q.F.D.
    Words of the engineer and inventor Elmar Mock (inventor of the Swatch!)
    Beautiful and extraordinary demonstration and explanation! of the Tesla Model ... I think the best VIDEO about what's on TVclip! Thank you very much for showing us all the secrets of the most advanced electric car in the world! We could almost believe the movie the best of all worlds !!!
    Unfortunately in your presentation you forget to talk to us about the basics ... Two Anglo-Saxon geniuses of physics: ISAAC NEWTON and COLIN CHAPMANN the father of the formula 1 who said a very heavy sentence for Tesla ... Give power to a car and you will go quickly in a straight line .... but remove it from the weight and you will go everywhere!
    ISAAC NEWTON the father of the most important equation of the dynamics of an automobile: F = M * a (kg * m / s2 = Newton)
    You tell us about Tesla the father of the electric motor whose efficiency is 95% either .... Its simplicity of construction is ... Its small footprint is ... virtually no maintenance is ... its mass of 31.8 kg for a power of 270 kW giving a power / mass ratio = 270 / 31.8 = 8.5 kW / kg! Magnificent figure ... but wrong ... You can not in your calculation ... Forget the weight of the battery without which your Tesla would not roll!
    Dimensions and battery life of the Tesla model S 100 D, its battery has a capacity: E of 100 kWh = 100,000 Wh!
    We know that the capacity of a lithium-ion battery is given by the relation: E = d * M (Wh / kg * kg = Wh) d = 200 Wh / kg (energy density) M = mass in kg of the drums
    hence M = E / d = 100,000 Wh / 200 Wh / kg = 500 kg!
    Calculation of the average autonomy in km of a Tesla model S 100 D; we know that the average consumption is: 20 kWh per 100 km ...
    So its average autonomy will be: 100 kWh / 20 kWh = 5 * 100 km = 500 km!
    So the real performance of the most advanced and powerful 100% electric car Tesla S 100 D are:
    Average autonomy = 500 km!
    Mass battery = 500 kg
    Motor mass = 31.8 kg
    Engine power = 270 kW!
    Total mass = motor + battery = 31,8 kg + 500 kg = 531,8 kg! (and the gearbox + the differential + the inverter are not part of the motor mass?)
    True total power / mass ratio for comparison with a heat engine = 270 / 531.8 = 0.50 kW / kg !!! and not ... 8.5 kW / kg! (17 x less!)
    Compare then with what is best today with a heat engine: DUCATI V4R of 1000 cm3 of displacement.
    Average autonomy = 800 km! (Consumption = 5 l / 100 km = 40 l / 5 l x 100 km = 800 km!)
    Mass of gasoline = 40 liters x 0.755 = 30 kg!
    Motor mass + box at speed = 60 kg!
    Engine power = 234 HP / 1.36 = 172 kW!
    Total mass = motor + gasoline = 60 kg + 30 kg = 90 kg!
    Total power / mass ratio = 172/90 = 1.91 kW / kg !!!
    Conclusion: despite a 95% efficiency of the electric motor of the Tesla model S 100 D compared to the most efficient gasoline engine ... we find that the entire engine + battery is about 4x less efficient than the entire engine + gasoline: 1.91 kW / kg !!! / 0.50 kW / kg !!! = 4 x
    Note :
    Generally the car manufacturers indicate the ratio total mass of the vehicle divided by its power in CV or kW Example:
    Giulia Quadrifoglio: Mass: 1524 kg / 510 HP (375 kW) = 2.98 kg per CV! or: 1524 kg / 375 kW = 4.06 kg per kW!
    Tesla S 100 D: Mass: 2200 kg / 367 hp (270 kW) = 5.99 kg per HP! or: 2200 kg / 270 kW = 8.14 kg per kW!

    MANI KANTAN 24 days ago


  • Luigi Ferrario
    Luigi Ferrario 25 days ago +1

    (Tesla Model S: P 100 D)
    C = Battery capacity in (kWh)
    c = Average consumption of an electric car = 20 kWh / 100 km = 20,000 Wh / 100 km
    = 200 Wh / km!
    0.95 = Battery availability coefficient! (5% of the battery is always stored for Tesla computer interventions!)
    A = Autonomy in (km)
    1000 x C (kWh) = c (Wh / km) x A (km) x 0.95 (Basic equation)
    A (km) = 1000 x C (kWh) / c (Wh / km) x 0.95 = (km)
    Example: Tesla Model S: P 100 D; C = 100 kWh
    Average autonomy = 1000 x 100/200 x 0.95 = 1000/2 x 0.95 = 1000 / 1.9 = approx. 526 km!
    V = Average speed (km / h)
    Autonomy corresponding to an average speed of about 90 km / h (city, state, highway 20%)
    Calculation of the constant: K = A (km) x V (km / h) = (km2 / h) (Hyperbolic function!)
    K = 526 km x 90 km / h = 47.340 km2 / h (Constant to remember to calculate speed or autonomy!)
    Up to the speed of 130 km / h we can perform the following calculations ....
    (Beyond the resistance of the air, the calculations are complicated!)
    A (km) = K / V (km / h); V = 60 km / h; A = 47.340 / 60 = 789 km!
    A (km) = K / V (km / h); V = 80 km / h; A = 47.340 / 80 = 592 km!
    A (km) = K / V (km / h); V = 100 km / h; A = 47.340 / 100 = 473 km!
    A (km) = K / V (km / h); V = 120 km / h; A = 47.340 / 120 = 394 km!
    A (km) = K / V (km / h); V = 130 km / h; A = 47.340 / 130 = 364 km!
    What maximum speed for 690 km?
    V (km / h) = K / A (km) 47.340 / 690 km = 68.6 km / h (about 70 km / h)
    For the very high speeds the range is inversely proportional to the speed cube!
    This means that if we double the speed from 130 km / h to 260 km / h (German motorways!) The autonomy is not divided by two ...
    but for two cubed that is: 2 power 3 = 2 x 2 x 2 = 8 and the km become: 364/8 = 45.5 km!
    We fully discharge the battery in: T (time) = Space / Speed ​​(km / km / h = h) 45.5 km / 260 km / h = 0.175 h = 0.175 x 60 = 10.5 minutes = 10 minutes 30 seconds!
    Attention, the best is yet to come ... for all speeds from 130 to 260 km / h !!!
    Constant speed !
    The equation is as follows: A = K x 130 squared / V in the cube!
    V = 130 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x 130/130 x 130 x 130 = 47.340 / 130 = 364 km!
    V = 140 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x 130/140 x140 x 140 = 292 km!
    V = 160 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x 130/160 x 160 x 160 = 195 km!
    V = 180 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x 130/180 x 180 x 180 = 137 km!
    V = 200 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x 130/200 x 200 x 200 = 100 km!
    V = 220 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x130 / 220 x 220 x 220 = 75 km!
    V = 240 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x 130/240 x 240 x 240 = 58 km!
    V = 260 km / h ... A =?
    A (km) = 47.340 x 130 x 130/260 x 260 x 260 = 45.5 km!
    Unit formula = km2 / h x km2 / h2 / km3 / h3 = km4 / h3 / km3 / h3 = km! C.Q.F.D.
    I will do all these calculations to verify: Tesla model 3 performance!

  • stenobro
    stenobro 25 days ago +1

    There's no point in planning long term for ICE vehicle mass production anymore. Show this video to anyone who argues against electric vehicles.

  • gearhead196
    gearhead196 29 days ago +2

    IC counterparts "Obsolete" by 2025... okay calm down there.

    • Miguel lopez
      Miguel lopez 24 days ago

      Yep, it's very likely to be a viable replacement by then.

  • Vinh Nguyen
    Vinh Nguyen Month ago

    Are you Vietnamese Engineer? How can you use this video without violation copyright?

  • The Astronomer
    The Astronomer Month ago +3

    The boot is on the front? I love it. It will make Iran and all other oil dependent nations take a knee.

  • Florin Arnautu
    Florin Arnautu Month ago

    Very interesting and excellently realized video. Many thanks!

    As a passive safety engineer myself, I would like to add that the presence of the battery pack increases the torsional stiffness for sure, but not so much for lateral impact safety (the battery structure must be protected, thus the intrussions are to be managed via the body-in-white rocker structure mainly).
    Also for the front unit crumple zone, yes, it is largely increased (if a front motor does not exist), but in counterpart, the rear crumple zone is more difficult to manage comapred to an ICE car (the rear motor and invertor must be protected in the case of rear impact).
    Thanks again, hope my comments would be accepted as constructive opinion. No intention of critisism.

  • NordicBloodshed
    NordicBloodshed Month ago

    What happens to the car when the inverter increases the amplitude of sine wave?

    • Timo van Neerden
      Timo van Neerden Month ago +1

      More torque.
      I guess, at low speed, the frequency is low and the amplitude high. At high speed, the torque (needed for acceleration) is lower (only enough to maintain the current speed) and the frequency is higher (to maintain the current rotational speed).

  • shubham jain
    shubham jain Month ago

    i am a layman when it comes to mechanics, but with so many moving parts, won't the maintenance cost be higher? will these parts not require replacement very often? i am planning on buying an electric car, so please educate me. which parts should i expect would require continuous maintenance or frequent replacement?

  • midhun k
    midhun k Month ago

    Isn't that a squirrel cage rotor?

    SHINOS Month ago

    8:24 till the end of the video....pretty not good on wet roads. Try it out for yourself and see the results of too high regenerative braking 🤔 ...sudden lose of control...not super smart idea if not possible to self regulate according to the road conditions.

    • Kloko loko
      Kloko loko 26 days ago

      It is regulated, do not worry, you won't lose traction.

  • Dark Angel Music
    Dark Angel Music Month ago

    Whats the actual hp of electric motor without gearbox

    • Miguel lopez
      Miguel lopez 24 days ago

      It depends more on supplied current, the model S can put a total of 750HP between both motors, but in the right configuration you can make it push 1500HP by adding more batteries.

    • Kloko loko
      Kloko loko 26 days ago

      About 300hp each, you have 2

  • Mike Kattan
    Mike Kattan Month ago

    why electric cars are High cost?

    • Kloko loko
      Kloko loko 26 days ago

      You have almost 0 maintenance also "fuel" is much more cheaper. You drive with EV min 3 times cheaper than gas.
      Much less moving parts so less failures, more reliable technology.

  • Shuaib VP karimbanakkal

    Why don't you make recharging facility to the battery while driving.. then it will be awesome

  • Tewetso Kapfo
    Tewetso Kapfo Month ago

    We really hated electric vehicles makers because they killed us and destroyed our oils

  • Josef Stibor
    Josef Stibor Month ago

    proc to kurva neni cesky kdyz je titulek ceskej

    SOHAIL ALI SHAH Month ago +1

    Thanks for providing us such an amazing video.
    We really like it.
    Thanks from "Pakistan"