How Hong Kong Changed Countries

  • Published on Feb 19, 2019
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    Animation by Josh Sherrington and Elise Heersink
    Sound by Graham Haerther (
    Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster
    Special thanks to Patreon supporters Alec M Watson, Andrew J Thom, Arkadiy Kulev, Chris Allen, Chris Barker, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, Harrison Wiener, James Hughes, James McIntosh, John & Becki Johnston, Keith Bopp, Kelly J Knight, Ken Lee, Kyle, KyQuan Phong, Manoj Kasyap Govindaraju, MyNameIsKir, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Sheldon Zhao, Simen Nerleir, and Tim Robinson
    Music by
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Comments • 6 418

  • Wendover Productions
    Wendover Productions  4 months ago +1923

    Hey all, in case you don't know already, the numbers in the bottom, left corner of the video correspond to the sources of information at the bottom of the description. Many of those are good further reading on the topic.
    Also, I just want to acknowledge one small narration slip-up. At 7:14 I say, "What was known was that the event would be centered around midnight on the night of July 30th, 1997." That should be *June* 30th, 1997.

    • Amidat
      Amidat 3 months ago

      @UFCMania155 Yes - but my point was they didn't even put up much of a fight to defend them because they didn't really care that much.

    • Chillypuwn
      Chillypuwn 3 months ago

      This video just earned you my follow ;)

    • Axei mash
      Axei mash 3 months ago

      Please get better at making your videos and writing scripts for them. Im not saying there was anything wrong with this video but just in general you need to get better. I really do enjoy watching your videos and learning from them but i just can watch them because of that.

    • Karthik Sarode
      Karthik Sarode 3 months ago

      What happend to the wikipedia list

  • Speedy Speedy
    Speedy Speedy 13 hours ago

    Free Hongkong 🇭🇰

  • 1728 Games
    1728 Games 18 hours ago

    Mongols, Manchus, Brits, Japanese, Commies, all nope!
    And taiwan is going full libtard,...
    Hong Kong shall reestablish the Great Ming! 反X復明!

  • Yi Liang
    Yi Liang Day ago

    more about Hongkong pls!!

  • Tommy Hill
    Tommy Hill Day ago

    And thankfully, no problems have come up since that turn over....

  • MetaDragon
    MetaDragon Day ago

    Moral: Forever is not forever.

  • Arvind G
    Arvind G Day ago

    Really well made video!

  • mcg160270
    mcg160270 2 days ago

    Glory to Chairman Mao Tse Dong! Long live China! Long live Chinese Communist Party!

  • Sefgrt
    Sefgrt 3 days ago

    Found this after seeing Hong Kong protests on the news...

  • Kemi Kime
    Kemi Kime 3 days ago

    When a Bounty ad starts playing all of a sudden st 10:48 with a kid saying no.

  • Zinthe Zweihander
    Zinthe Zweihander 3 days ago +5

    Any plans to address the anti-extradition bill protests as a follow up video?

  • Jianyu SHEN
    Jianyu SHEN 3 days ago

    After seeing so much sadness in the comments, it makes me really sad about how people justify colonialism just because China has been portrayed as THE enemy for various reasons after the fall of the USSR. People need to face a rising China psychologically better instead of believing in some demonized imagery far from reality. HK would not have been the glorious HK without the backing from the mainland. And I'm sorry to say that a great number of the former British colonies/territories are still left with severe and long-lasting political issues (intentionally or unintentionally) while the UK could enjoy (ridiculously) great nostalgia from people. HK is really not in a bad situation even without being compared to that of Israel/Palestine, India/Pakistan, etc. After all, if we have become "tolerant" enough to look at colonialism with a somewhat "whitewashing" attitude today, there are much more ways to look at the politics of a rising China other than demonization. (plus, don't forget that economically China has been doing wonderful in the recent decades)
    p.s. the video is well made. kudos!

    • mesochoc liu
      mesochoc liu Day ago

      @jonathan kelly Well, freedom is conditional everywhere. Just different in some extent. I don't believe freedom is more urgent than food for the people struggling in famine in Africa. They need food and water, then they need better life, then they need freedom and personal achievement finally. Actually, living condition in HK is much better than mainland China, so the urgency of needs level is different, while the dilemma is one country anyway. The only key to solve the dilemma is development and time.

    • jonathan kelly
      jonathan kelly Day ago

      @mesochoc liu No offence but I think that that is a very shallow way of analysing the situation. There is more to ones life than money. Who wants to be rich when if you, for example, write a book on Tiananmen Square the Chinese Government will probably kill you as they carry on thinking that people dont know what actually happened. The people of H.K will have no freedom of speech, and that is something that most people are worried about, apart from Chinese people who are apparently ecstatic about the prospects of stripping the people of HK of their freedom of expression and speech. Sad times we live in

    • mesochoc liu
      mesochoc liu 2 days ago

      @jonathan kelly Well, if you could check the data that the gdp per capita of HK is less than the UK before the handover, while now the gdp per capita of HK is much higher than the UK.

    • jonathan kelly
      jonathan kelly 3 days ago +1

      'Hong Kong is really not in a bad situation'. You do realise that if Carrie Lam gets her way (she's probably in the pocket of the Chinese) anyone who criticises China can be extradited to mainline China and be sent to the gulags - oh sorry I meant re education camps how silly of me. The people of Hong Kong prospered under British rule and now that China has taken it back, rightly or wrongly, it still means that the people of HK are going to be subjected to the autocratic police state that is China. They absolutely are in a bad situation.

  • mr moomooface
    mr moomooface 3 days ago

    This was a very good video, you should do one on Macau next!

  • comechocolate
    comechocolate 3 days ago

    Petition for a 2nd British Empire

  • Avia Historia
    Avia Historia 3 days ago


  • burnt f1ames
    burnt f1ames 4 days ago +1

    7:21 nice forehead

  • KiOEWN
    KiOEWN 4 days ago

    Hong Kong is over 😢

  • Alexander Müller
    Alexander Müller 4 days ago

    You failed to address why Hong Kong was ceded from China to Britain during that time. That’s right, it was the notorious Opium War through which Britain committed tons of atrocities that could definitely hold many in their country accountable by modern day standards. Britain couldn’t narrow the trade gap with China so it decided to export opium to China in an attempt to scrub their wealth. China wouldn’t watch it happen so it banned the dealing of opium. The British didn’t like it, so they began a war with China like a bully. China lost the war and signed a treaty with Britain, renouncing the ownership of Hong Kong Island to Britain. That is supposed to be how the video starts.

  • Patrick Holmes
    Patrick Holmes 4 days ago

    Still have 27years to move another country

  • Jay Rober
    Jay Rober 4 days ago

    Sorry, only imperialists care about the handover. Ever heard of Shenzhen or that other city that starts with a Shang...
    What would have happened to Hong Kong and Taiwan if China had excluded them from any trading activity with the mainland. What percentage of these regions GDP is tied directly or indirectly to trade with the mainland. Just curious could they survive? No, and you cant have it both ways.

  • Rabid Leroy Channel Salad

    Can you imagine after the most tensest of events in China, that the UK would have annexed the Hong Kong area? How would things be? Tensions? Cold War Two?

    • Liew
      Liew 5 days ago +1

      Hong Kong ain’t worth annexing and causing a war is not something Brit’s want to especially when they can’t decide to leave the Eu or not

  • Far East
    Far East 6 days ago

    No more State drug dealing no more territorial land grabs lol

  • Lifedestoryer
    Lifedestoryer 6 days ago +1

    Hk gang where ya at

  • Mei Grafd Vodder
    Mei Grafd Vodder 7 days ago +1

    Im not from Hong Kong or from the UK, but why is this making me sad? Probably everything being the last time, flags being lowered. All this forever stuff.

  • Tianhao Xu
    Tianhao Xu 7 days ago

    And Wendover still found a way to mention planes.

  • Jackson Bobick
    Jackson Bobick 8 days ago

    Notice how the British overseas passport doesn’t allow a person to travel to China

  • UndergroundRap subscribe

    Watched this after hearing about current day protest in hong Kong and was confused thinking to myself that i thought you couldnt protest in i understand. Thank you

  • Schismatic Sci
    Schismatic Sci 8 days ago +2

    The day when the sun finally set on the British Empire

  • Bubblelene Lene
    Bubblelene Lene 9 days ago

    Omg people are arguing because Hong Kong might be returned THIS YEAR, not 28 years later, idk what happened but Hong Kong might be returned earlier 😭

  • James Yuen
    James Yuen 9 days ago

    Rip HK in the future. I don't wanna see HK being influenced by China's totalitarian views.

  • chawn2112
    chawn2112 9 days ago +5

    Who's here after watching the no china extradition protest

  • anson chan
    anson chan 10 days ago +1

    China made things worse

    • mesochoc liu
      mesochoc liu 2 days ago

      Well, if you could check the IMF data that the gdp per capita of HK is less than the UK before the handover, while now the gdp per capita of HK is much higher than the UK.

  • Bradley Killen
    Bradley Killen 10 days ago

    They don't call it hongcouver for nothing XD

  • TerribleTonyShow
    TerribleTonyShow 11 days ago

    3:00 Russia and US doing business with alaska? ehh, it was just there.

  • Eli Egbert
    Eli Egbert 12 days ago

    China is a jerk

  • Constitutionalist Monarchist

    The European destiny has always been and will always be the conquest of the world.

  • Avary
    Avary 13 days ago +3

    I wish Hong Kong remained British Hong Kong forever

  • JayrichoCarter
    JayrichoCarter 13 days ago

    What if Dashlane gets hacked?

  • William Su
    William Su 13 days ago

    China is now fucking with Hong Kong and forcing them all the comply with communism and propaganda, nobody in HK wants to even be Chinese nationally.

  • PepsiColaSoda
    PepsiColaSoda 13 days ago


  • Karen Tsun Tsun Pong
    Karen Tsun Tsun Pong 13 days ago +10

    You have got a subscriber from Hong Kong :)

  • Hom Aisen
    Hom Aisen 16 days ago

    Seeing how some people feel sad for Hong Kong and Britain in the comment section. I just feel like being sarcastic. No one seems to remember when Imperial Britain forced China to hand over Hong Kong by force. Those people must have been from some country which has never been treated this way in modern history. They should have a taste of humiliation then talk. Then we can see if they will talk shit again. LMAO

  • Anthony Shah
    Anthony Shah 17 days ago

    Did you switch form Half as Interesting to this channel

  • Ahn James
    Ahn James 18 days ago

    actually Brits didn't think China would last 99years...

  • Federico Olivares
    Federico Olivares 22 days ago +4

    And under communism Hong Kong, its freedoms and its economy is dying

  • Jordan Essen
    Jordan Essen 23 days ago

    This is sad considering that China is violating Hong Kong's administrative rights by imposing harsh treatment of protesters and trying to silence anyone against their ragime and by infiltrating the regional government. This is the reason a fellow student in my school immigrated with his family here in England.

  • Jason Kai
    Jason Kai 23 days ago +1

    As a Hong Konger , I think I am still okay living in Hong Kong

    • Carl Pilkington
      Carl Pilkington 20 days ago

      Jason Kai how do you feel about this event? Do you feel happy or sad to leave the UK or to join PRC? How do other Hong Kongers feel about this?

  • Tommy Best
    Tommy Best 24 days ago +1

    When you're the 37,000th person to like...

  • Rajas A
    Rajas A 25 days ago

    Hong Kong may have been a territory that came out of dark war, but the British made it prosper so they deserved to keep it, unlike their other territories.

  • James Jamesy
    James Jamesy 26 days ago +5

    8:39 She has Czech origins

  • G&G Travel World
    G&G Travel World 29 days ago

    beautiful place. see also this video:

  • Communism is great, Capitalism is evil

    people in hong kong live in cages, capitalism is evil

  • 張克然
    張克然 Month ago


  • LORDE 2729
    LORDE 2729 Month ago

    imagine a world where chinas influence is so great that most countries follow china and become authoritative . a Orwellian nightmare is a chinese communists wet dream. china must be blocked and contained at all cost or else the freedom of humanity is at stake .

  • Tudor
    Tudor Month ago +35

    You should do a similar video with Macau

  • Dylan Peace
    Dylan Peace Month ago +2


  • Jennyoy
    Jennyoy Month ago

    Under the strong Chinese officials influence on its government and the Chief Executive, Hong Kong is no longer a democratic city.

  • Michael Boylan
    Michael Boylan Month ago

    Your title is misleading,,,as you must know, If by Hong Kong you mean the people of Hong Kong,,because an inert entity such as a territory cannot change anything,,,then Hong Kong did NOT change countries, Her Majestys Govt, transferred sovereignty to China,The Hong Kong people had no vote on this or on independence, Guarantees have been broken, GB betrayed Hong Kong, That is a GB tradition

  • Mr N
    Mr N Month ago +3

    The handover was inevitable sooner or later. The later the UK left the negotiating, the less they would have been able to negotiate on behalf of its citizens. I very much doubt the China of today would have agreed to half of what was agreed to back then.

    • Johnz Bobz
      Johnz Bobz Day ago

      i think it won't agree to anything if it was made today

  • akx
    akx Month ago

    It was not a day when HK was handed over to China. It was a day when rule of law and freedom of speech of 6 million people were handed over to an authoritarian regime.

  • Chris Chan
    Chris Chan Month ago

    I’m from Hong Kong... I’m defo dipping after high school, can’t live the commie way. My uncle lives in Toronto, and I can confirm parts of it is basically Hong Kong when I visited him a while back.

  • Augusto Pinochet
    Augusto Pinochet Month ago

    british colonialism will always be better than chinese colonialism

  • Abdullah Hamad
    Abdullah Hamad Month ago

    I did a paper on the Opium Wars in high school. I also played Drug Wars on my TI Calculator in Calculus class. It seems drug dealing in Hong Kong was very widespread and popular, and the British wanted a cut of the pie. Britain took over the drug markets, monopolized goods, and seized shipments and sold them at a profit to the people of Hong Kong. They didn't know what they were doing, just trying to make money and break the local population, so a lot of people got overdosed and addicted and put out of work because of prices. Eventually, the queen stepped in to pardon British pirates, and take control of the affected areas that had been economically destroyed and victims of spiraling costs and inflation and market instability.

  • Archie Ames
    Archie Ames Month ago

    Instead of bowing to SJWs they get to bow to authoritarian Beijing gangsters.

  • 中国信人不信神的普通人


  • Gary_Boldwater
    Gary_Boldwater Month ago

    I’ll take a layover in Hong Kong over Shanghai any day.

    • Gary_Boldwater
      Gary_Boldwater Month ago +1

      I like your airport too. I was saying it is much nicer to have a layover in hk than Shanghai . Hk has a great airport.

    • Laura
      Laura Month ago

      as a citizen of hk, why? (i like our airport, i could understand that much)

  • iateaplumandifeelweird

    Just watching since I'm gonna visit the country.
    (brace yourselves for the 50 cent army).

  • Jakob Patrick
    Jakob Patrick Month ago +1

    Brittian should have just given it to Taiwan lmao

  • DeviouS
    DeviouS Month ago +1

    Accidental find but great video none the less!

  • Mohammad Shamma
    Mohammad Shamma Month ago +2

    They called the process "Hand over" because it rhymes with Wendover. 🤚🏼 🎤

  • Kim Jong-il
    Kim Jong-il Month ago

    But that small island is still uk

  • vtkinmobile
    vtkinmobile Month ago +5

    Britain could just hand over Hong Kong to the Qing Dynasty, in hatred of the communist system.

    • Ethereal | 翰˜~
      Ethereal | 翰˜~ Month ago

      No use, the UK was recognizing the PRC as China and they couldn't have returned Hong Kong to anybody else

  • Vasili Leung
    Vasili Leung Month ago +10

    Should have just given back New Territory and kept Hong Kong and Kowloon.

  • Balklan kenburg
    Balklan kenburg Month ago

    For now

  • Difan
    Difan Month ago

    Never forget national humiliation and what the Brits did to China!

  • sidharth cs
    sidharth cs Month ago +1

    Sees union Jack lowered
    *Laughs in indian*

  • Alexandru Popescu
    Alexandru Popescu Month ago

    You don't need Dashlane because KeePass.

  • ss l
    ss l Month ago

    No, it wasn't because the UK thought they might as well keep the territory together and hand it all over to China, it's because HK was dependent on water from China and could no longer survive on its own.

  • lass1234
    lass1234 Month ago +1

    Lesson learned. Never hand over a capitalist city back to any communist country.

  • Andrew Mcgarrigle
    Andrew Mcgarrigle Month ago +1

    When I become prime minister of UK we will make Hong kong British again!!!

  • TrueSonic45
    TrueSonic45 Month ago

    The transfer of Hong Kong was literally the end of the Empire. God save the Queen. And I hope for Hong Kong's future during their time of uncertainty and unrest as the 50 year deal comes ever closer. You never left our hearts, Hong Kong. Britain will never forget you.

  • David Barry
    David Barry Month ago

    So, the British took a tiny island from the Chinese, turned it into a gold mine and then gave it back to the Chinese!? I don't think the Chinese are capable of making anything successful! The British go to Malaysia, Hong Kong and Singapore make them into modern cities/nations and the Chinese flee their own shit hole country and flood the colonies like rabbits!

  • Anders Yu
    Anders Yu Month ago +25

    Population of Hong Kong Island:
    1842: 7,450
    2011: 1,270,876

    • AniMan Melayu
      AniMan Melayu 12 days ago +1

      @FreyaIs Trash you stupid

    • Eric Lam
      Eric Lam 17 days ago +14

      @FreyaIs Trash Urm Hong Kong Island is a region in Hong Kong. The population of HK is more than 7 million already.

      Research before you swear lol

    • FreyaIs Trash
      FreyaIs Trash 18 days ago

      Hong Kong isn't an island you fucking reet.

  • kvt
    kvt Month ago

    For me honestly the Hong Kong handover would be one of the most interesting events I've seen... and I also wonder .. what if the new territories were annexed instead of leased? ... perhaps it would be different.

  • T-Junction 744
    T-Junction 744 Month ago

    The day the city lost its soul forever

    Please. if you need an idea for a video. talk about the slow degradation and integration of Hong Kong and its laws into the communist regime.

  • Philip Michael
    Philip Michael Month ago +1

    Hong Kong changes to an unhappy city after 1997...

  • daxian huang
    daxian huang Month ago

    I don’t know what to worry about.

  • Slants L
    Slants L Month ago

    Drinkin game every time he says Hong Kong drink

  • Cranzky !
    Cranzky ! Month ago

    Damm the uk did Hong Kong dirty

  • cloud person
    cloud person Month ago

    did you know that miami has the same latitude as saudi arabia? see more facts like that on you gotta check it out

  • humphrey707
    humphrey707 Month ago

    You get like 30 password storeres for password stores and have one simple password that has the password to another storer

  • fridericvs
    fridericvs Month ago

    UNITED KINGDOM, not Great Britain

  • Millie Fletcher
    Millie Fletcher Month ago +1

    Hi love your videos! Just a small point, the Union flag is only known as the 'Union Jack' when it's on a boat!!

  • ahadicow
    ahadicow Month ago +3

    those who thinks a place should be governed by a foreigner literally half a globe away have a very screwed sense of both reality and justice.
    those who thinks being colonized by GB is a luck has barely traveled or read.

  • Basti EiseNKrafT
    Basti EiseNKrafT Month ago

    And what about Bruce Lee's relative Chin defeating the herd of fuckin' ugly reds?

  • Luke Hulse
    Luke Hulse Month ago +3

    HK = 🇬🇧

    • Yao Fang
      Yao Fang Month ago

      Luke Hulse wake up!

  • Trevor
    Trevor Month ago +12

    Brings a tear to my eye. Such a vibrant and colourful place that is being assimilated and crushed, piece by piece, by the Chinese dictatorship. We were fools to think we could trust such a government to honour its word about keeping its politics sperate for fifty years. Barbarians at the gates.

    • Crystal Ball
      Crystal Ball Month ago +1

      Calling people babarians is an excuse for romans to invade and take what didnt belong to them. Like how christians called others pagans.

    • 作孽的妖
      作孽的妖 Month ago

      Trevor 记住了,你们在英国的统治下是二等公民,还没有选举权,你要觉得中国不好可以随时移民,没人拦着你们!

  • Boi Boi
    Boi Boi Month ago +62

    I can see why Taiwan says "no thanks" to China

    • First Last
      First Last 5 days ago

      @Boi Boi I'm confused you promoted that people choose the info for themself and yet promote that internet is to be regulated at the same time?

    • Boi Boi
      Boi Boi 5 days ago

      @XD GodlikeU nobody is forced to accept American values. What is "American values" anyway? Openess or closeness? Freedom or Socialism? It changes every 4-8 years. Atheism or Christian? Chinese populace should have the right to access the web and to choose for themselves

    • First Last
      First Last 7 days ago +1

      lol but considering that so many people who voices their unique political opinion go to prison who in the world is going to believe that chinese's internet is an awesome source of truth. yo you clearly never use google in the different countries to see for yourself that there are little america shit on the so called america platform

    • XD GodlikeU
      XD GodlikeU 10 days ago +2

      Boi Boi China just banned the social media platform from US. You think the ban is not helpful to China? If you know the top 20 Internet companies in the world, and 11 is from US and 9 is from China, you will know why the ban is helpful to China. The rest of world are all forced to accept the American values while only China develop its own modernization model. Are you still thinking only being able to use American media platforms and searching engine is of advantages to other countries? I wish you know, the era after IT technology is DT, which is Data technology and obviously it is based on quantities of data. So now only China and US have their own searching engine and media platforms to collect data, and this is why only China and America dominated in Internet and Communication tech. Now if you a citizen which not belongs to US, you should be sad. Because the leading competition in the future has nothing to do with your country.

    • Boi Boi
      Boi Boi 13 days ago +2

      @王志贤 Its interesting that your govt bans most of the internet to her own people. And yet here we are talking about truth.

  • Teelo
    Teelo Month ago +1

    One little nitpick: britain isn't 100% gone, they still have influence in their supreme court - HK hires judges from other british common law territories to sit on the bench.

  • Jason
    Jason Month ago +1