Why 350°F is the magic number for baking

  • Published on Jun 7, 2018
  • Turns out there’s a lot of chemistry in cooking.
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    Ever notice the first step for baking a cookie is almost always to preheat the oven to 350 degrees?
    Even when you’re baking something else, an oven with a digital temperature reader typically defaults to 350. What’s so magical about this number and why is it that so many recipes call for it?
    I spoke with longtime pastry chef and Institute of Culinary Education creative director Michael Laiskonis and found that - as with most “magical” things - it’s actually science.
    Special thanks to Chef Daniel Kleinhandler of Bar Boulud and Boulud Sud and Chef Jenny McCoy for their help with this video!
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Comments • 1 395

  • Vox
    Vox  11 months ago +837

    350° Fahrenheit = 176° Celsius. If you're curious why America still uses Fahrenheit, watch our video to find out: bit.ly/2JAuXcN

    • 전 국Mūlt¡fåndøm
      전 국Mūlt¡fåndøm Month ago

      So it’s the same as how we always use 180° Celsius?

    • Mister C F
      Mister C F 4 months ago

      450° Kelvin

    • chuckywang
      chuckywang 5 months ago

      The only thing hotter than the ovens in this video is Kimberly Mas.

    • ZH2912
      ZH2912 7 months ago

      I choose Celsius

    • Rick Sanchez
      Rick Sanchez 7 months ago

      Because they're retarded

  • Marione Dela Pena
    Marione Dela Pena 26 days ago +1

    i dont see 350 f bc my country isnt dumb enough to use farenheit

  • A Snail
    A Snail Month ago

    Love your vids

  • TheTroll Mastah
    TheTroll Mastah 2 months ago

    Dang she’s gorgeous I’d eat her cookie ;)

  • Torgeir Molaug
    Torgeir Molaug 2 months ago

    Acrylamide can be generated from food components during heat treatment as a result of the Maillard reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars.

  • sheldon pereira
    sheldon pereira 2 months ago

    325 cookie was burnt

  • donbasuradenuevo
    donbasuradenuevo 2 months ago

    Those chefs from the Institute of Culinary Education can also deport you.

  • Christopher Donahue
    Christopher Donahue 3 months ago

    Everything I buy is 425 F

  • Nevasca
    Nevasca 3 months ago +1

    Fahrenheit wtf who uses this measures ?

  • Max Falto
    Max Falto 3 months ago

    Good video! Vox is still trash though!

  • Mister C F
    Mister C F 4 months ago

    450 Degrees Kelvin.
    177 Degrees Celsius.
    356° F
    180° C
    347° F
    175° F
    I baked the cake at 350F and then 333 F to lower temperature.

  • Mr Oof
    Mr Oof 5 months ago +1

    Rest of the world: 350 cElCiuS

  • guillehcv 0.0
    guillehcv 0.0 5 months ago

    Ugh!... farenheit

  • rohan fabri
    rohan fabri 5 months ago +1


  • OmegaMan
    OmegaMan 5 months ago

    He works for ICE?

  • xXKapkanismineXx
    xXKapkanismineXx 5 months ago

    Lmao he works at ICE

  • Lexington Vazquez
    Lexington Vazquez 5 months ago

    Kimberly va va voom

  • Maya Rajpoot
    Maya Rajpoot 7 months ago

    I don't have oven and microwave but i want to baking who 's it possible

  • Some Person
    Some Person 7 months ago


  • ゾイzoe //
    ゾイzoe // 7 months ago

    now i wanna eat.

  • Guardian of the Galaxy
    Guardian of the Galaxy 7 months ago

    *heats oven to 1050F so it cooks 3x faster*

  • thecookiekingYT_
    thecookiekingYT_ 7 months ago


  • Abdega
    Abdega 7 months ago

    Me: So what temperature do I need?
    Box: About tree fiddy
    It was at this moment I realized this “box” was 8 Stories tall and a crustacean from the Paleozoic Era!

  • Pete Miller
    Pete Miller 7 months ago

    Booo hoooo, the temperature is in Fahrenheit......boooooo hoooooo....I just can't get over it.....How come America is not like Europe?........better go back to my Volvo with European license plates.....booooo hooooo.......whaaaaaa.....huh....huh....huh....whaaaaaaaa

  • Ben Roley
    Ben Roley 8 months ago

    0:31 abolish ICE

  • p1mento
    p1mento 8 months ago

    Lol ICE

  • J
    J 8 months ago

    my cookies are magic-proof

  • Masaharu Morimoto
    Masaharu Morimoto 8 months ago

    325 and a little extra flour for the best chocolate chip cookies!

  • Jeff Kyeng
    Jeff Kyeng 8 months ago

    Is it just me or these guys have some insane editing qualities?

  • Štěpán Staněk
    Štěpán Staněk 8 months ago

    Aka 180°C

  • Z7 Code
    Z7 Code 8 months ago

    You mean 356°F?

  • Jennifer Matthews
    Jennifer Matthews 9 months ago

    I always wondered why my mom cooked everything on 350°

  • NerdXOfficial
    NerdXOfficial 9 months ago

    Thank you for the info, I never wondered why 350F was the hot spot heck I becked lower sense I thought that was middle thank you!

  • Lla Ming
    Lla Ming 9 months ago +1

    That man is SOOO PALE! He is the colour of the white plate.

  • Bly Gilmore
    Bly Gilmore 9 months ago

    I've never said this before ... this makes me want to bake.

  • jxsilicon9
    jxsilicon9 9 months ago

    Depending on if you're above or below sea level.

  • Noah8368
    Noah8368 9 months ago

    0:31 That’s an unfortunate acronym for “Institute of Culinary Education”

  • Lone Rider
    Lone Rider 9 months ago +1

    Nah, everyone’s oven is different, I have an older oven and 325* is the magic number, at 350 you risk burning shxt!!

  • Dr. Riq
    Dr. Riq 9 months ago +2

    Cheesus Crust, Vox -- one instance of Celsius isn't gonna cut it! What the hell are all the other Fahrenheit temps about?! *D I S L I K E*

  • commengaytor
    commengaytor 9 months ago

    The baker guys voice doesnt match his looks

  • musclemang
    musclemang 9 months ago


  • k
    k 10 months ago +1

    I'm hungry now.

  • Cookie
    Cookie 10 months ago


  • Jaime C
    Jaime C 10 months ago

    Finally the time has come when we don't have to suffer for not having celsius, lol, I just hope it will be the same with other measurments. THANK YOU GUYS!

  • karotofel
    karotofel 10 months ago

    176,666667° C

  • Mark McLennan
    Mark McLennan 10 months ago

    I gust want cookie dough

  • Maikind K.
    Maikind K. 10 months ago

    For Lebkuchen I use 350°, since it's more cake than cookie. I candy the orange peel myself, because store bought is not as "orange-y". A lady told a friend who shared some of his from me with her: "They taste like Christmas!" I use honey, and cinnamon, clove and nutmeg with candied orange peel in the dough. After baking, a glaze of powdered sugar and lemon juice goes on top. Haven't had any complaints so far from my baking. My postings sometimes garner a few because I am a mix of salt and vinegar so to speak😉

  • Maikind K.
    Maikind K. 10 months ago

    I have 2 cookie recipes: one requires crisco because butter masks the flaver of the extract otherwise, and this one must be baked at 400°F
    The other, Chocolate chip cookies, is 375°F.
    I have never baked cookies at any lesser or greater temperatures.
    350° F is for cakes.
    I began baking at age nine years of age; I am 59 now. Fifty years of baking experience here!😊

  • Trevor Taylor
    Trevor Taylor 10 months ago

    I read that 325 F was the temperature for the Maillard Reaction, not 350 F. Wikipedia says that it is between 280 - 330 F.

  • Sergio
    Sergio 10 months ago

    didnt know david cronenberg's side giged as a pastry chef

  • gatoneko
    gatoneko 10 months ago

    Well, it was about that time I begin to get suspicious.

  • Vegard Fjeldberg
    Vegard Fjeldberg 10 months ago

    I put the pizza on 350°C and it was completely black when I was going to take it out. Thanks for nothing vox😭

  • 4 Clovers
    4 Clovers 10 months ago

    Lol a ad of cooking came XD and I thought it was the vid

  • Wiskee AmazingDancer
    Wiskee AmazingDancer 10 months ago

    So in Scandinavia, my experience that 200 C is the standard rather than 350 F, guessing that mostly has to do with nice "round" numbers though.

  • shannon raisanen
    shannon raisanen 10 months ago

    so what about turkey that needs a certain temperature

  • Kevin Kall
    Kevin Kall 10 months ago

    You should do a story how Vox narrators with low cleavage are likely no longer virgins but are prolific in their conquests in the boudoir.

  • AFGR
    AFGR 10 months ago

    I've seen at least 3 times as many people complaining about people complaining about not using celsius than people actually complaining about it!

  • Chongo Power
    Chongo Power 10 months ago

    I want to transform that girl in golden brown if you know what i mean

  • DownwardsRising
    DownwardsRising 10 months ago

    The chef looks a lot like Benedict Cumberbatch.

  • Abhishek Dev
    Abhishek Dev 10 months ago

    Temp is okay but for how long????

  • Thomas Rosebrough
    Thomas Rosebrough 10 months ago +1

    @vox staff people, this video is super cool. It has a little science, a little history, and a question that makes you think "yeah I did always wonder that in the back of my head but for some reason never questioned it". I like your guys' stuff.

  • Bo_jelin
    Bo_jelin 11 months ago +1

    180° C, @ America...

  • Virginia Gordon
    Virginia Gordon 11 months ago

    I always do 450

  • Stella Bar
    Stella Bar 11 months ago

    Who knew! Cool video.

  • SuperWho 88 2
    SuperWho 88 2 11 months ago

    Science and cookies. Could there be anything better?

  • SeaOtterKing
    SeaOtterKing 11 months ago

    Vox pretending to have knowledge about anything is absolutely hilarious. You are all incompetent at everything you attempt.

  • Nina De Vos
    Nina De Vos 11 months ago

    Trail easily daily vpbtbtz identity musician stay tablespoon complete midnight decline.

  • studmuffin60000
    studmuffin60000 11 months ago

    Video also on Ted Ed

  • Donald J. Trump
    Donald J. Trump 11 months ago

    Americans are so dumb lol

  • Some Guy
    Some Guy 11 months ago

    I made mozzarella sticks today at 450...

    • Dom
      Dom 10 months ago

      Some Guy This is talking about for cookies, cakes, etc.

  • R. C.
    R. C. 11 months ago

    Great video! I enjoyed the history bit specially, it's always worth taking a look at how things were done before, humanity forgets very fast

  • Stephanie Huerta
    Stephanie Huerta 11 months ago +1

    350 degrees is the perfect temp? Oh lord, time to thank my mom. She always tells us to leave the oven on 350, not matter what the directions say. 🙄

  • Jeffrey Slater
    Jeffrey Slater 11 months ago

    Bunch of uneducated simpletons. Fahrenheit in the USA is part of the USCS measurement system. It’s not imperial.

  • HuggieBear39
    HuggieBear39 11 months ago

    I often use lower temps when I roast low and slow. Like I will bake ribs or a pork roast at 285-300 for a longer time that way the ribs or pork roast are moist and tender. I will bake a pound cake at 325

  • Isabella Rhoslyn
    Isabella Rhoslyn 11 months ago

    how come when i was growing up most things you bake said pre-heat to 400 425 450 500 550 and then now most things are 350 or 325 or sometimes 375 with only a few things saying 425?
    how come beef meals used to always be 500 or 550 sometimes telling you to reduce temperature during cooking and now most instructions for beef meals/dishes say 350 or 425 or in that range and just leave the oven at one temperature during cooking?

  • cancer
    cancer 11 months ago

    I'd smash

  • SlayTheRake
    SlayTheRake 11 months ago

    I think Michael Laiskonis may be dracula

  • John
    John 11 months ago

    You bake your cookies for too long

  • Quiddity
    Quiddity 11 months ago


  • idontgotnothin
    idontgotnothin 11 months ago

    Dang girl finish your first bite before taking another. Maybe make a video about savoring your cookies.

    • The Noisy Spectator
      The Noisy Spectator 11 months ago

      idontgotnothin Let's face it; _All Bets Are Off_ with manners, sharing, using temperance to enhance enjoyment, and staying healthy by eating a Ballance Diet, when it come to *Chocolate* !!!

  • smootskin
    smootskin 11 months ago

    That was a great one! Thx

  • Johnny johns
    Johnny johns 11 months ago

    Bullshit sometimes you gotta tweak it cause your pans, altitude and what your baking.

  • FlowChange 54tyr
    FlowChange 54tyr 11 months ago

    350f sucks and burns everything, it's 350f not because it's the best, it's 350f because every recipe needs to be quick in order to make people happy which results in everything you bake being burnt 50% of the time. If someone reads "these cookies take 30 minutes to bake at 300f" they get fed up and ignore it, if the recipe says "350f for 15 minutes." they actually try baking it, even if it burns.

    • The Noisy Spectator
      The Noisy Spectator 11 months ago

      Easy Flow, you are ranting over something that is not worth it.
      350 is a good rule of thumb because one number is easy to remember, and it can be applied to baking everything.
      If people were really that lazy, they would just come up with a way to microwave everything.

  • I hate fortnight Give me a reason why i shouldn’t

    Could of made the vid 3:50 minuets

  • Mitchell T
    Mitchell T 11 months ago

    Who is the reporter in your video??

  • Sam
    Sam 11 months ago

    What Gas Mark is that?

  • A Comment
    A Comment 11 months ago

    I see more comments complaining about comments that complain about Fahrenheit, than actual comments that complain about Fahrenheit.
    Kinda makes you think who is more sensitive...

    • The Noisy Spectator
      The Noisy Spectator 11 months ago +1

      A Comment - it is also disappointing that people have so strayed from the topic of the video.

  • Bullfreg
    Bullfreg 11 months ago

    Turns out there is a lot of chemistry in everything *facepalm*
    Vox is a bunch of retards lol

  • Jake Ben
    Jake Ben 11 months ago

    Bloodly hell, Fahrenheit is confusing.

    • Jake Ben
      Jake Ben 11 months ago

      30 degrees Celsius (and yes I'm not an idiot, I know room temperature is usually tacken at 20 degrees)

    • The Noisy Spectator
      The Noisy Spectator 11 months ago

      My opinion is just as important as anyone else's, even if I don't persuade anyone else to agree with me!
      I speak from experience using both Celsius and Farenheight!
      What do _you_ think is a comfortable room temperature, in Celsius?

    • Jake Ben
      Jake Ben 11 months ago

      Interesting but as someone from a country that prodominatly (spelling RIP) uses Fahrenheit I'm not sure if it counts. I anyone from any other point in the globe agreed then maybe. By the way is the Babylonian system of base 60 not also too broad then. Them leaving us with 360 degrees and 60 minutes in an hour. It atleast feels to to. 60 is such a large number.

    • The Noisy Spectator
      The Noisy Spectator 11 months ago

      Yes, but I have still been exposed to the metric system enough to compare it to Fahrenheit.
      The Celsius scale is not as uncommon here as you would think from reading the comments here.

    • Jake Ben
      Jake Ben 11 months ago

      Where you from? Are you from the US?

  • Madison Harmon
    Madison Harmon 11 months ago

    That baker guy looks like an old Bill Skarsgard

  • Kay B83
    Kay B83 11 months ago

    Cool, but I was distractes by that guy's skin, he looks unwell...
    Also, so funny that ICE & CIA are culinary schools

  • Marsha Creary
    Marsha Creary 11 months ago +1


  • Paul The psn gamer
    Paul The psn gamer 11 months ago

    For cookies I do 325 chewey n better

  • ethan rosen
    ethan rosen 11 months ago

    sweet spot

  • Marty Hurst
    Marty Hurst 11 months ago

    Bakeing chicken now at 350

  • Syed Mohammad
    Syed Mohammad 11 months ago

    *Why is it not 420?*

  • Moon
    Moon 11 months ago

    Wow, this babe is gorgeous.

  • Kenneth Chavarria
    Kenneth Chavarria 11 months ago

    Holy gorgeous, I’m thinking this girl, Kim, is way more than just a moderately hot 350 degrees too!
    She can bake my cookies, anytime! Yikes!

  • paper2222
    paper2222 11 months ago +1

    It's the same as
    Why 0°C is the magic number for freezing water

  • Adib BehrooziTV
    Adib BehrooziTV 11 months ago

    I like this stuff