Parallel LANDINGS!!! PRM and SOIA approaches! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

  • Published on Aug 23, 2018
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    Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel and to a great video about, "How can it be that airplanes fly so close to each other and then land on parallel runways?" The procedure/technique I´ll be showing you today are the PRM and SOIA approaches. I admit the are fairly rare and only a few airport around the world have such approaches but they are definitely worth explaining as the videos some passengers have recorded from their seat look pretty daunting.
    A PRM approach is more or less the same as a normal ILS approach, except that the landing runway has an adjacent parallel runway spaced only 3000-4300 feet apart. If you approach such an airport, you would listen to the ATIS beforehand and the ATIS will mention if PRM approaches are in operation. You as a pilot have to have special training within the simulator to be certified to fly such an approach. Then you read the "Attention to all users of PRM approach" chart. There is some key information listed on that chart, briefing you with the differences and facts about the PRM approach.
    The most important item, in my opinion, is the dual VHF requirement. You aircraft has to have two functioning VHF radios. On set number one you dial in the tower frequency and on the second set you monitor/listen to the approach controller, and set the volume level accordingly.
    But see more in the video!
    Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this basic introduction video about PRM approaches!
    Wishing you all the best!
    Your "Captain" Joe
    Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
    @Eric Liang
    @ashfaq afridi
    @HD Melbourne Aviation

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Comments • 1 174

  • Thomas Moeller
    Thomas Moeller 19 hours ago

    Joe: you seem to have plenty of experience with current and past girlfriend contacts simultaneously 😀👍

  • RS 7
    RS 7 20 hours ago

    If I pilot calls these landing daunting I don't think they are worth it

  • anju sharma
    anju sharma Day ago

    Hi captain joe , My name is saksham and I am ten years . I like to watch your videos because it's my dream to be a pilot. And I like the way u explain like ILS approch . So thank you for your educational vidoes about planes and which websites to vist . And almost forgot this video was great

  • Konráð Arthúrsson

    WOOOOO Sydney Airport; thats my hub y'all!!!!

  • Aviation Mad
    Aviation Mad 2 days ago +1

    Great Vid Captain Joe. Do you like the 737 Max

  • Lucas DIEP
    Lucas DIEP 4 days ago

    I was on a B777-200LR on Lufthansa when a United 757 was on runway 28L and we were on 28R

  • PandA_Legend
    PandA_Legend 5 days ago

    Atl does plms

    NICK THE KING 6 days ago

    Dude your not even a captain

    PANKAJ GADHWAL 6 days ago

    I'm not a pilot nor any technical guy from aviation industry but still ended full video watching up 👍 this is because captain Joe made this video is super helpful and easy and interesting 👍👍👍👍👍👍

  • christophe kasperski

    this morning approaching Frankfurt am Main , I saw parallel to our aircraft an 380 landing it was a fantastic feeling what a great machines impressiv !!!!!

  • dd22 Gaming
    dd22 Gaming 10 days ago

    Is that Sydney Australia???

  • M a x i k i n g
    M a x i k i n g 12 days ago

    since i found you, i wanne be a pilot 👍

  • PandaMage YT
    PandaMage YT 14 days ago

    SFO is my airport

  • Marcin Cebula
    Marcin Cebula 15 days ago

    I was looking for something like this. I was landing in Haneda and all of a sudden it got more noisy than normal and another plane appeared right beneath our plane. It scared the living heck out of me. I don't know if anyone noticed it. It's like it was right under us.

  • Ka Jun Lo
    Ka Jun Lo 15 days ago +1

    Why dont secondary school teach such things. This is much more interesting than chemistry

  • QHY666
    QHY666 15 days ago +1

    yeah the a380 I was riding had a break out manuvure but was worse than that. the plane tilted up so great and banked to the right a lot. the other plane was a 747 and it was really close. plus the airport was super busy. thank god I did not die.

  • OddSockGames
    OddSockGames 16 days ago

    The dude in the training vid reminded me of a Dalek..SELECTED SELECTED

  • Aviation With Connor
    Aviation With Connor 17 days ago

    Vueling. How do you say it?

  • Thefirehawkman
    Thefirehawkman 18 days ago

    I like the slowmoguys music

  • Davin Reyes
    Davin Reyes 19 days ago

    Planes flying so close to each other looks like there racing who lands on the runway first

  • # PunMaster
    # PunMaster 22 days ago

    I never have experienced this but i hope I don't

  • Mudam666
    Mudam666 28 days ago +1

    wtf 3400 how long is that, nobody outside america knows how long that is? 100 meters?

    MERVYN MOREL Month ago

    Wow, captain Joe, you are just amazing man. I love watching your video. Keep it coming, man.

  • Melissa Garner
    Melissa Garner Month ago

    Would SEATAC (Seattle Tacoma International) fall into this category? All three of their runways are parallel to each other.

  • Andrew Nicholson
    Andrew Nicholson Month ago +1

    KATL also has PRM Approaches

  • Oğuz
    Oğuz Month ago

    so close? it isn't close you should check fighter pilots formation flights thats wjat called flying.

  • NightAvenger375
    NightAvenger375 Month ago

    Sneakily gets it past 10 minutes

  • slow bro
    slow bro Month ago +1

    How do you stick your model aircraft to the wall or are you just laying on the ground LOL

  • Daxesh Patel
    Daxesh Patel Month ago

    Thank you so much....really enjoyed 😬✈️

  • roblox2006 aviationfan

    what kind of pilot turns left when there's a plane in the way?

  • Chris G
    Chris G Month ago

    Used to fly these appraches into Sydney several times a week back in my metro and westwind freight days

  • MrPeerum
    MrPeerum Month ago

    Wel see Amsterdam Schiphol

  • Jelto Poté
    Jelto Poté Month ago

    SlowMoGuys background music !

  • Alex Cannon
    Alex Cannon Month ago

    Where is the slomotion In this vid @slomoguys

  • imjustsomeguy72
    imjustsomeguy72 Month ago

    Worth pointing out that Sydney also runs Independent Visual Approaches when in VMC. ILS PRM approaches are not the only way they have close aircraft adjacent on final to parallel runways.
    So, instead of having a PRM controller, you stay with Director and Tower and the separation is 'visual'. You do not need to have traffic on the parallel approach confirmed in sight to be cleared an IVA. You will not generally get traffic information on parallel aircraft on an IVA except for when they're really bloody close (within 1 nm). The main advantage obviously is allowing more traffic on final without having to worry about dependent movements. In such an approach it is critical aircraft do not pass through the extended runway centreline, this is usually achieved by establishing on the localiser or an RNAV approach although it is sufficient if you have the runway in sight and can track visually.

  • Time Traveller 200.000

    Very nice

  • Aaron Brall
    Aaron Brall Month ago

    i had this at Munich, me on an Eazyjet a319 and a Vueling a320 on the other runway

  • Wjimenez923
    Wjimenez923 Month ago


  • Urvis
    Urvis Month ago

    @Captain Joe, have you ever flown into a rainbow?

  • Steven D.
    Steven D. Month ago

    The same reason fighter jets fly close

  • Jack Wallace
    Jack Wallace Month ago

    More like First Officer Joe.

  • Drei Tv
    Drei Tv Month ago

    Hi joe do pilots have their own wifi while on flight?

  • Jim Jeffcoat
    Jim Jeffcoat Month ago

    What about simultaneous takeoffs from SFO?

  • Sudipta R Das
    Sudipta R Das Month ago

    Will not the LDA PRM apprach plane will fave toubulance flying just behind the Prm approch plane

  • Tejas
    Tejas Month ago

    The world of aviation is so fascinating

  • Paul Jelly
    Paul Jelly Month ago

    I wonder how the 747 pilot felt when saw the 767 going for breakout.. “Daamn maan, I wasn’t even that close”

  • Pete
    Pete Month ago

    VH-OJA - rest well Queen of the skies.

  • Chandler Mathews
    Chandler Mathews Month ago

    I was in a parallel landing before in Atlanta Hartsfield Jackson international airport (Busiest airport in the world and Biggest airport in the world) i was in JetBlue and there is this southwest airlines 737 was landing on the runway right beside us the JetBlue was from JFK New York Airport and Southwest airlines was from Chicago midway airport

  • David Chambers
    David Chambers Month ago

    I was standing in the terminal area at SFO one day, watching the incoming aircraft approach and land. I noticed two 747's on approach, and what I would have sworn was a terrible tower error, when they appeared to be on a collision course trying to land on the same runway. One of the aircraft suddenly diverged and did what I now know to be a break out maneuver. Now I know my experience was not as unusual as I originally thought.


    at 51 777 wins the race of 777 vs e175

  • arthur kitchen
    arthur kitchen Month ago

    Love this channel

  • demetrisv08
    demetrisv08 Month ago

    Keep the videos coming captain. Love these!

  • Rohith Augustine
    Rohith Augustine 2 months ago

    You are such an amazing guy!

  • 47Str8
    47Str8 2 months ago

    Question: On very few occasions (at cruising altitude) the plane would suddenly pull up/down and accelerate/decelerate (very abruptly I might add) and then resume its normal course. What would cause such a sudden change in the flight plan?

  • Random Kid Vlogs
    Random Kid Vlogs 2 months ago

    Is that SFO???

  • chaushb
    chaushb 2 months ago

    Had it two times in three days in Frankfurt, pretty amazing

  • Tommy L
    Tommy L 2 months ago

    whoa that last video is 'really' close!! good call!!

  • peter gonzalez
    peter gonzalez 2 months ago

    capitan JOE intresting as usual,you have answerd all my questions everytime I take a flight,my wife thinks iM a total nerd for knowing all thses facts.

  • Jay Yang
    Jay Yang 2 months ago

    How about we be the best pilot and lad the plane together! As a passenger that's always kool

  • steemdup
    steemdup 2 months ago

    I have not experienced tandem landings at the same airport; however, once when I flew into SFO, we were parallel with an aircraft landing at the same time at OAK. Pretty cool, imo lol

  • Mr.Random
    Mr.Random 2 months ago

    I remember when i was on a flight from Manchester to Paris. When we were approaching Paris, i saw this this other plane in the sky. I didn't most of it but then i saw it again, this time closer. I was getting worried and a bit paranoid. And then it came really close and i literally cried (LOL) and i thought we were gonna crash and die. And we landed and yeah...i felt stupid? That was my first time seeing a parallel landing.

  • rachmaninov47
    rachmaninov47 2 months ago

    what about fra/eddf ? is it a prm approach airport? cheers!!

  • Ashur Iskander
    Ashur Iskander 2 months ago

    Hello Captin Joe. I love your videos. Can you make a video on how many engines can a plane fly with? Thank you.

  • Pau Lo
    Pau Lo 2 months ago

    Cap.. Joe.. Kindly explain what is the difference between Boeing 777 and 777x??

  • Flexi guy P
    Flexi guy P 2 months ago

    Are you good at physics

  • x y
    x y 2 months ago

    I've flown ILS PRM into ATL. Capt. said look to your right, and there was an AirTran 717 aircraft next to us. Could almost see the passengers from AirTran looking at us.

  • x y
    x y 2 months ago

    Capt. Joe, really like your videos. Great for pilots and non pilots alike.

  • Daniel Gelbert
    Daniel Gelbert 2 months ago

    Do they prohibit PRM approaches during storms/high knot winds

  • Iskinder Sam
    Iskinder Sam 2 months ago

    Almost feel like a pilot at the rate I'm learning here. 👏👏👏

  • Mystery Banana
    Mystery Banana 2 months ago +1

    same background music as slo mo guys


  • DsYkX Plays games
    DsYkX Plays games 2 months ago

    At first I thought it was a optical illusion......

  • Joe Spittle
    Joe Spittle 2 months ago +1

    why I love SFO :)))))))))

  • Pranav Rathi
    Pranav Rathi 2 months ago +1

    Happens all the time with me

  • 1royalwolf
    1royalwolf 2 months ago

    I noticed the pilot in the prm simulation at Sydney airport appeared to turn the wheel right on a left heading breakout. Hope he didn’t crash. Hahaha

  • Sweta Singh
    Sweta Singh 2 months ago +1

    Awesome , Excellent , Superb , In all OUTSTANDING

  • Phil Hunt
    Phil Hunt 2 months ago +1

    Thanks for the explanation. As a passenger coming in to SFO I had one of these. However the pattern was weird. On downwind instead of turning left on to base near san mateo bridge we turned right out to sea(westward). We then did a broad circle around to the left and were joined by what looked like a jet fighter on the right as we did what turned out to be a wide, circular base leg. Eventually both planes did the approach you described. On landing I noticed the other plane was a nasa plane. I trained as a glider pilot and am used to formation flying(while soaring). Seeing a dual landing was new to me. Thanks for the explanation!

  • Ahmad Dan-Hamidu
    Ahmad Dan-Hamidu 2 months ago

    What about TCAS, will it be in the "TA-inhibit" or "TA/RA-inhibit" mode?

  • Yashwanth T Rajaratnam
    Yashwanth T Rajaratnam 2 months ago

    Captain. What is hot brakes. What do you do when u detect at 35000feet height. A recent report on this in India. My name is yashwanth in short camled Yash. Would be very helpful. Cheerq

  • Lucien Winwiski
    Lucien Winwiski 2 months ago +1


  • Charlie Waffles
    Charlie Waffles 2 months ago

    now i want to visit San Francisco even more.. XD

  • FGM11
    FGM11 2 months ago +2

    and why did the 767 had to do a breakout in your example?!? didn't the 747 "screw up"?

  • Time Traveller 200.000
    Time Traveller 200.000 2 months ago

    Cool did not know
    Thanks Joe

  • Ryan Pratten
    Ryan Pratten 2 months ago

    Just as you showed the above view of that airport, I thought "That looks like Kingsford Smith."
    I live and work in Sydney, so I got a little excited.
    NB There is a Motorway that runs across beneath the runways of Kingsford Smith airport, which I use quite frequently, so I've seen several of these PRM approaches, but didn't know what they were called.

  • phyllis brady
    phyllis brady 2 months ago


  • EdEddnEddyonline1
    EdEddnEddyonline1 2 months ago

    Is it possible to see one of these approaches at Pittsburgh International Airport?

  • Mohammad Raihan
    Mohammad Raihan 2 months ago

    Thank you Captain Joe for this and other amazing videos.

  • Ajax Dan Bro
    Ajax Dan Bro 3 months ago

    4:00 I thought that was cpt Bruce Dickinson for a second

  • I Love Taylor Swift
    I Love Taylor Swift 3 months ago

    Great vid. very interesting

  • I Love Taylor Swift
    I Love Taylor Swift 3 months ago

    If a pilot causes a breakout manoeuvre on another plane, would he get reprimanded for causing such a thing?

  • Raidzor つ ◕_◕ つ

    Doesn't sound too safe even with all these safety procedures. On both collision danger, and breakout alert pilot error. Many times radios malfunction, and a lot of accidents happen during a go - around, because of poorly trained pilots poorly managing flaps and angle of attack.

  • Nicolas FERNANDEZ
    Nicolas FERNANDEZ 3 months ago

    Not sure if related but approaching Barcelona Airport, I saw a plane very close and lower on the left (by the window). A few seconds later, the pilot very turned abruptly. I didn’t know that a passagers plane could turn so fast! Then the pilot gave a message remiding the passagers to switch off the phones and we landed with no issues. Might have been a false alarm or radio interference because of a phone? A mistake from the pilot?

  • TheKnownKnown
    TheKnownKnown 3 months ago

    All good unless it's Air Canada

  • guillaume lefevre
    guillaume lefevre 3 months ago

    Greetings from Luxembourg, lol for the 747 cargolux model

  • Naveen Dx
    Naveen Dx 3 months ago

    captain joe please talk about upwash and downwash

  • Chiara Lincoln
    Chiara Lincoln 3 months ago

    This is such an amazing video

  • Faisal Abdul Ghafoor
    Faisal Abdul Ghafoor 3 months ago

    Got my confusion cleared on Wake Turbulence on LDA Point. Thanks and appreciate that.

  • sherwin salvatori
    sherwin salvatori 3 months ago

    Hey joe you lucky guy on giving advice on having a current and a ex grlfd

  • Taran Saunders
    Taran Saunders 3 months ago

    As a regular flyer into Sydney airport, I have experienced it a few times

  • Flylikechris
    Flylikechris 3 months ago

    Wooo kdtw gets a shoutout

  • James Lee
    James Lee 3 months ago

    I did in fact experience a Break Out Procedure one night at home airport (Minneapolis). We were A320 Airbus and we got the "signal" to Get Out Of Dodge when we were less than 2 miles from approach end of runway 12L. It was a dramatic situation because it was pitch dark plus IMC. When the pilot flying my plane called the "engine room" for All Ahead Full, wow did the power really come up fast on that Bus. Uneventful climb to 4000, sharp left turn, back around for a second try at the ILS, no problems then. We were not the "bad guy" -- the aircraft on approach to 12R had deviated to its left sufficiently that we were given the order for Break Out. Very Impressive Procedure then unfolded. I do not know if we still have this simultaneous approach on the books at KMSP. At one time we were one of only a handful of airports in USA that had authorized use of this parallel approach procedure.
    This is a great video !! Especially the example at KSFO.