Parallel LANDINGS!!! PRM and SOIA approaches! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

  • Published on Aug 23, 2018
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    Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel and to a great video about, "How can it be that airplanes fly so close to each other and then land on parallel runways?" The procedure/technique I´ll be showing you today are the PRM and SOIA approaches. I admit the are fairly rare and only a few airport around the world have such approaches but they are definitely worth explaining as the videos some passengers have recorded from their seat look pretty daunting.
    A PRM approach is more or less the same as a normal ILS approach, except that the landing runway has an adjacent parallel runway spaced only 3000-4300 feet apart. If you approach such an airport, you would listen to the ATIS beforehand and the ATIS will mention if PRM approaches are in operation. You as a pilot have to have special training within the simulator to be certified to fly such an approach. Then you read the "Attention to all users of PRM approach" chart. There is some key information listed on that chart, briefing you with the differences and facts about the PRM approach.
    The most important item, in my opinion, is the dual VHF requirement. You aircraft has to have two functioning VHF radios. On set number one you dial in the tower frequency and on the second set you monitor/listen to the approach controller, and set the volume level accordingly.
    But see more in the video!
    Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this basic introduction video about PRM approaches!
    Wishing you all the best!
    Your "Captain" Joe
    Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
    @Eric Liang
    @ashfaq afridi
    @HD Melbourne Aviation

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Comments • 1 426

  • Nur Haqim
    Nur Haqim 54 minutes ago

    singapore is my country. Majulah S

  • Ethan Boyd
    Ethan Boyd 13 hours ago

    Why is the distance between the runways mandated to be 'not more than' and minimized instead of maximized like 'not less than'?

    • danielkza
      danielkza Hour ago

      The runways can be farther apart, but then any special procedures won't be needed and the approach and landing will be handled by ATC as usual.

  • FinardoLittle 123 Animations And Gaming

    When I fly Infinite Flight I click the waypoint closest to the runway, or the runway waypoint, makes it much easier

  • Lauri Uusi-illikainen
    Lauri Uusi-illikainen 2 days ago +1

    In finland Tikkakoski where i live there is Flying shows and they fly with Hornets only 2meters away from each other hornet thats Crazy i have seen that shiet happen live

  • Roballium
    Roballium 4 days ago +1

    0:41 what is that little plane called?

  • LeprechaunNATIONstudios

    That happened to my cousin and she was at a big airport with 3 parallel runways and there was a plane to her left and one to her right

  • Springfield Novaliches
    Springfield Novaliches 7 days ago +1

    What would happen if there was crosswind while the 2 planes land

  • Brian Olds
    Brian Olds 9 days ago +1

    Captain Joe is a true pilot at his core. It's cool to see how excited he got about his SOIA approach experience 😊

  • Brian Richardson
    Brian Richardson 9 days ago

    I've seen this in Reno (RNO) before. Pretty cool

  • ProKillerRap III
    ProKillerRap III 10 days ago

    Do you ever experienced random lasers in the plane?

  • Just Ice
    Just Ice 10 days ago

    One time when I was at lunch we saw TWO PLANES ABOUT TO COLLIDE

  • Dennis P. Alexandratos

    As a child I remember flying over the atlantic to NYC and at some point we saw an airplane passing behind us and it seemed that it almost hit us! I was shocked. Seems it wasn't much of a deal

  • LeoGar 2
    LeoGar 2 13 days ago

    Funny thing is that in August, I was on a Southwest 737 going into SFO 28R and a KLM 747 came in behind us on 28L… seems like someone broke the rules or an exception was made!

  • Le Icedragon
    Le Icedragon 13 days ago

    Madrid Barajas has something like this too. I was on a Iberia A330-300 and there was a Iberia A320 taking off along with us. Both of the runways have that capability

    SHIVAL PANDHARE 14 days ago

    Two in India Hyderabad and Kolkata

    WANDERA TOM 14 days ago

    There is a plane that flies from Uganda to Ethiopia, it belongs to Ethiopian airlines, am glad it doesn't fly beyond that but the way the pilot does his work. It's the most scaring experience, for the record, I have heard very many travelers complaining about that incident,
    The pilot does a sharp ascending for about 30 seconds, trust me, we all loose forcus including food eaten before flying, it's a very dengerous move. And he does it soon as u get into Ethiopia air space, just like he had forgotten that he had to ascend.
    Jesus Christ, I will never use the same plane for the batter.

  • SpriteNight
    SpriteNight 15 days ago

    Im from Australia and i love your vids i want to be a pilot

  • Jennifer Mostasisa
    Jennifer Mostasisa 15 days ago

    It was. Interesting because sfo is my home airport and I have experienced a break out maneuver when land in sfo

  • Windowssonic
    Windowssonic 15 days ago +2

    My first flight EVER ended in Dallas, we dropped ~200 feet in turbulence. The VERY NEXT FLIGHT we had a parallel landing at Phoenix with a Southwest 7(3/6)7. Give me the chances.

    • Brandon Caldwell
      Brandon Caldwell 5 days ago +1

      Ya, i hate Dallas Love Field. Worst design. I swear between the wait, trams, and taxi we could have drove home. Take off made us taxi clear across the airport to take off.

  • Brian Rorabaugh
    Brian Rorabaugh 17 days ago +1

    I thought my computer was being controlled by captain joe at the beginning

  • John Hachi
    John Hachi 23 days ago

    The incident involving the breakout beginning at 8:00, involving the 747 and 767, is probably due to overtake. One important thing to keep in mind is that although this video is about PRM and SOIA approaches, whenever the runways (centerlines) are separated by less than 2500 feet, visual separation has to be used at some point, and wake turbulence is also going to be a factor. Although there's no way to be sure without hearing the audio, the reason for the 767 breakout is probably because the 747 is overtaking. Considering that the visibility is good and the aircraft are already very close, it's likely that at the point shown in the video the 747 pilots have long had the 767 in sight and are using visual separation. However, the 747 is not allowed to PASS the 767 under any circumstances. This is specifically covered in ATC wake turbulence separation rules for runways separated by less than 2500 feet. If the 747 can't stay behind the 767, one of the airplanes must be broken out. Usually, it will be whichever airplane (controller) "missed its mark," so it's likely that the controller working the 767 was too far behind his aiming point.

  • Robert Young
    Robert Young 26 days ago


  • SydneyPhotography2019
    SydneyPhotography2019 27 days ago

    Woo! Sydney Airport!

  • Nick Annies
    Nick Annies 28 days ago

    That in flight landing is amazing!

  • Ziraafs Family
    Ziraafs Family Month ago

    I saw this moment.......

  • Ziraafs Family
    Ziraafs Family Month ago

    Why we need copilot

  • Jordan K
    Jordan K Month ago +8

    I'm super late, but my local airport (5 minutes from my house) KMSP has been doing PRM approaches since 1997!

  • h8GWBî
    h8GWBî Month ago

    It's kinda like wondering why the car in the lane next to you on the freeway is only a few feet away.

  • Dionne Cyprus
    Dionne Cyprus Month ago

    How many girls did you have?!

  • VietcongHere2banzai

    Aircraft promotional videos:
    Am i a joke to you

  • Uta Takatsuki
    Uta Takatsuki Month ago


  • Caleb T.V
    Caleb T.V Month ago

    Can you do a aviation meme review.

  • Paul Crooks
    Paul Crooks Month ago +1

    How the Air Force fly so close information.

  • Kangjia Huang
    Kangjia Huang Month ago

    I live an hour from KSFO (SFO) !

  • c h i e f
    c h i e f Month ago

    GTA 5 airport has them

  • KCFlyer2
    KCFlyer2 Month ago +2

    Glad I watched to the end...seeing the planes at 0:40, I was wondering about wake turbulence. Explained at the end. Love your videos and subscribed.

  • The Kilobrain
    The Kilobrain Month ago

    What is MCAS??!!

  • cory meyer
    cory meyer Month ago

    Dfw dallas fort worth and dallas love both have the same thing where planes fly next to each other

  • Kassem Khalil
    Kassem Khalil Month ago

    You’re explanations are extremely useful thanks cap👍👍👍

  • Josh McMillan
    Josh McMillan Month ago

    We had that on our flight back to the UK from Canada

  • Muhammad Choukaier
    Muhammad Choukaier Month ago

    do "if a KID can fly a plane" (dont use a real plane)

  • Laura Stritch
    Laura Stritch Month ago

    What the intro song called?

  • Hearts on fire
    Hearts on fire Month ago

    I live in YSSY

  • Pelle Schwarzberg
    Pelle Schwarzberg 2 months ago +5

    I was flying from Schiphol to Rome and I had a PRM approach. I saw that the A320 next to us was coming really close and seconds later we had a brake up procedure!

  • Alaska Flyer & gaming
    Alaska Flyer & gaming 2 months ago

    0:43 Me and my little brother playing X-Plane.

  • Arnav khan
    Arnav khan 2 months ago +2

    Sir I am passing mechanical engineering from a renowned university. Its a military one. Can I become a pilot appearing PPL and than CPL?? After graduation.

    • A2DJP
      A2DJP Month ago

      Arnav khan there shouldn’t be any issue. Unless you have a mandatory military service.

  • SuperDuper PowerMoon
    SuperDuper PowerMoon 2 months ago

    Who watches Captain Joe and is not a pilot?

  • ItsJustMe
    ItsJustMe 2 months ago

    0:41 looks like a mother and her child

    BRUCEY VERY EASY 2 months ago

    When FedEx planes breakout they pop flares😂😂😂

  • bino robin
    bino robin 2 months ago

    3:06 I thought he's going to say "If you get into the transgression zone, you will be shot down". 😂😂
    Well this is a joke, please don't take it seriously. 🙏

  • Nicolas Khong
    Nicolas Khong 2 months ago


  • Pablo Gonzalez
    Pablo Gonzalez 2 months ago

    Please do a video discussing why flying cars as mass transportation will never be a thing I can't even fly my quadcopter down the street.

  • Jacob Cudlitz
    Jacob Cudlitz 2 months ago +2

    Nope 757 (I think)

  • Jacob Cudlitz
    Jacob Cudlitz 2 months ago +2

    0:41 100 50 40 30 20 10 Butter

  • TSM_Cookie 21
    TSM_Cookie 21 2 months ago


  • Kyle Liwag
    Kyle Liwag 2 months ago

    Imagine turning your apu 41000 feet

  • XVCephei
    XVCephei 2 months ago

    What is the depressing and dismal background sound (like dark ambient), why do you put it? You have very nice songs at the start and in the end, but during the video, I'm feeling like my mood is getting worse

  • 地産地翔 FDA
    地産地翔 FDA 2 months ago +1


  • Coughn Chinga
    Coughn Chinga 2 months ago

    Plays o hell to the no no no when my Southwest Airlines toy is coming tomorrow

  • lol
    lol 2 months ago

    if i'm flying with my dad and doing a SOIA approach and my dad didn't know, my dad would've scream "OH SHIT WE'RE GOING TO CRASH"

  • Raph Spierings
    Raph Spierings 2 months ago

    Once i was in an airplane and i was looking out of the window and then i saw a airplane flying next to me and i was waving to the pilot and he waved back too

    • Mick Funny
      Mick Funny 2 months ago

      Raph Spierings what type of plane was it?

  • Trooper 1000cake
    Trooper 1000cake 2 months ago


  • Purple Team
    Purple Team 2 months ago

    Who realised the way he said Sydney? It’s like he said Sydnay

  • Ahmed Medhat
    Ahmed Medhat 2 months ago

    Chicago (ORD) 10R and 10C have a PRM approach

  • Random guy on youtube who likes planes

    Reverse thrust opens* any big youtuber Plane engine split in half (gone wrong)

  • -Manta -
    -Manta - 2 months ago

    Jon where are the Portuguese subtitels 😔

  • GloriousTube TV
    GloriousTube TV 2 months ago

    I dont remeber a breakout... but once i was on a plane and suddenly while cruising the pilot said we are going to crash but idk what was the reason

    DHANANJAY THAKUR 2 months ago

    Loved ur way of explaining...It is so easy to understand even for a non avaiation guy like me

  • chawn2112
    chawn2112 2 months ago

    You probably wouldn't believe be, but one time there was a plane flying parallel to my plane, it was closing in on us, it got so close it was about the distance of between two gates at the airport, then the other plane rolled the other way and slowly disappeared into the horizon. Note this all happened mid air, above the clouds.

  • Sebastian Contreras
    Sebastian Contreras 2 months ago

    Any idea why El Dorado airport (Bogotá) doesn't have PRM nor SOIA? The only simultaneous landing I've seen at that airport was an Avianca A320 landing at 31L and a Satena ATR42 on 31R that landed at the same time because the A320 flew the approach faster

  • gazer Aircraft
    gazer Aircraft 2 months ago

    Wow it is like this
    'Hey fly with me together!'

  • Skylar Baker
    Skylar Baker 2 months ago

    I absolutely love these videos

  • C w
    C w 2 months ago

    I didn't read all the other comments but the guy to go around is normally the one in less critical fuel state. Is it ever where the one to break PRM goes around? In other words how is it determined who goes around? (text book ans)

  • K Itch
    K Itch 2 months ago

    😞you are so sexist

  • joseph prosser
    joseph prosser 2 months ago

    Years ago I flew into LAX from the East and I was captivated by the view of square after square of residential housing stretching to the horizon. After counting swimming pools for about ten minutes I looked up and just off the left wing there was another jet. It was a surreal experience, like a scene from a science fiction movie, two jets in the afternoon sun flying in close formation over an infinite city.

  • Nemo D123
    Nemo D123 2 months ago +1

    from 3:58 all I heard was:
    1st pilot: Yo?
    Tower control: Hello shorty, what are you doing?
    1st pilot: Notin', sittin' here wachin' the game, smokin' some bud.
    Tower control: Are you all alone?
    2nd pilot: Waseeeeeeeee?
    1st pilot: Waseeeee!
    Tower control: what da? ... Who's that?
    1st pilot: Yo, pick up the phone.
    2nd pilot: Wasaeeeeee!
    Tower control: Waseeeee!
    1st pilot: Eeeeeeee!
    1st pilot: Yo, Dugie, pick up the phone
    PRM ATC: Yo?
    Tower control: Waseeeeee?
    PRM ATC: Waseeee!
    1st pilot: Eeeeeeer
    2nd pilot : eeeer
    1st pilot: What you doin' son?
    Tower control: Nothin', just chillin', killin'
    1st pilot: True true

  • Kevin Wolfe
    Kevin Wolfe 2 months ago +3

    And there was a 737 it got to close we climbed super steep

  • Kevin Wolfe
    Kevin Wolfe 2 months ago

    I was landing at sfo I was in a 777

  • M.A Saeed
    M.A Saeed 2 months ago

    Capt. your videos are really awesomePlz share the young pilots salary all over the world and also make a video on how do you experience during flight when changing time form One country to another country.

  • SuperTriniDaddy
    SuperTriniDaddy 3 months ago

    I imagine there would be fluid dynamics protocols to be observed if the aft-plane is within partial vortices of the lead plane. But why allow riskier maneuvers as such; just delay the aft plane the appropriate time-factor to avoid break-out shit from happening WTF.

    • SuperTriniDaddy
      SuperTriniDaddy 3 months ago

      Remove your mind from the gutta WTF= WHAT THE FRANCE.

  • Abdthegamer 101
    Abdthegamer 101 3 months ago +1

    how many isis members do u think are watching?

    • Elli P
      Elli P 3 months ago

      Abdthegamer 101 - How many ISIS members are watching? Probably dozens, but don't let that worry you. There are plenty of other sources of juicy, security-sensitive operational safety information out there.
      The problem is not the wild-eyed, brainwashed zealots watching TVclip, it's the ones who've devoted their sick little minds to getting jobs as ground-crew, maintenance engineers, and ATC operators. I think you should call James Bond immediately. Spies, espionage, double-agents... Gosh, there's so much to worry about that I think I'll not bother worrying about anything at all.
      Enjoy your flight, my friend. :-)

  • Peter mišún
    Peter mišún 3 months ago

    Hey Joe, i would love to know how the air communication works. Is it like that each aircraft has its own frequention or u listen to all commands for all planes around, if it is determined for each aircraft on what base is it done ?

    VWGTI 3 months ago +2

    Don't planes nowadays have sensors to warn pilots of other planes near or if a mid air crash might happen?

    • A2DJP
      A2DJP 3 months ago

      VWGTI tcas

    • Aidan
      Aidan 3 months ago

      VWGTI - Well, not sensors but with the radar it can detect other planes close to them and then alert the pilot.

  • gustavs & stuff
    gustavs & stuff 3 months ago

    Hey. What should i look out for on my first on plane

  • Mark g
    Mark g 3 months ago

    Joe, great video as usual. I do that SFO approach a lot, and I’m guessing the breakout in your video wasn’t because of a controller directed, but rather because the 767 forgot to turn his TCAS to TA only, and thus got a RA. Seen it happen a handful of times myself (not me, of course😉). However, the go around could have been anything, but wanted to chime in about specific procedures on the TCAS for SFO. We were pulling up beside another carrier one night who was in front of us, and they did a pretty aggressive pitch up go around. Then stated their TCAS went off. Oops. They should have read the instructions😎
    That approach is definitely my favorite in the USA.
    One thing that bugs me is that SFO approach will have you “maintain visual separation”, but in a 737-900 we are going faster than literally everybody else, so you end up over running and going in front. Thus, visual separation gets kind of iffy.
    SFO runs their airport almost identical to LGA, but they are doing it with 2 sets of parallel runways simultaneously instead of singles. It’s a piece of art when well executed. The very second that the two landing aircraft are clear of the intersecting runways, they are clearing the intersection runways for two more takeoffs to a fan departure, followed by two more landings as the next two takeoffs are lining up. Very cool.
    Worth mentioning to passengers with a PA ahead of time to not be alarmed when they find themselves in formation with another plane on final.

  • JProbinson And his reptiles

    And I’ve been to San Francisco inti

  • JProbinson And his reptiles

    We were landing at Gatwick airport with easyJet and we had to aboart the landing because there was a plane on a runway

  • IceCreamPiez
    IceCreamPiez 3 months ago

    I have seen that twice in dubai and sydney

  • Ben KerryYT
    Ben KerryYT 3 months ago

    Aussie Aussie Aussie oi oi oi

  • Chris Hernandez
    Chris Hernandez 3 months ago

    The background music makes me expect some slowmo guys video

  • Name Legend
    Name Legend 3 months ago

    I want to be a pilot, you help me!

  • RUHappyATM
    RUHappyATM 3 months ago

    Captain Joe...are you the man...

  • Philip Kordyshevskiy
    Philip Kordyshevskiy 3 months ago

    Usually they are flying close because they are on final approach and are landing on parallel runways.

  • Albert Tseng
    Albert Tseng 3 months ago

    SIA is from LAX-NRT

  • Bill Van Raam
    Bill Van Raam 3 months ago

    Being a passenger landing at SFO when the weather allows for two landings at the same time it’s kind of cool and can be a bit worrisome to look out and see the other plane. I not sure if what I experienced landing in Los Angeles was a breakout but the wheels were just about to touchdown when the pilot powered up and did a go around, we the passengers never got an explanatio.

  • SkullMan Gaming
    SkullMan Gaming 3 months ago

    SFO is the only airport with a 21R and 22L

  • Niemand
    Niemand 3 months ago

    To all germans
    Bitte teilen geht um Artikel 13

  • Daniel Inbaraj
    Daniel Inbaraj 3 months ago

    Joe, comparing in size, airbus a 380 in Bigger than boing 747 then why two reverse thrusters are used in a 380 while boing uses all 4 reverse thrusters

  • Dorian Vrbančić
    Dorian Vrbančić 3 months ago

    Theres no croatian

  • Roblox Minder
    Roblox Minder 4 months ago

    As hle 74-