Parallel LANDINGS!!! PRM and SOIA approaches! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

  • Published on Aug 23, 2018
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    Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel and to a great video about, "How can it be that airplanes fly so close to each other and then land on parallel runways?" The procedure/technique I´ll be showing you today are the PRM and SOIA approaches. I admit the are fairly rare and only a few airport around the world have such approaches but they are definitely worth explaining as the videos some passengers have recorded from their seat look pretty daunting.
    A PRM approach is more or less the same as a normal ILS approach, except that the landing runway has an adjacent parallel runway spaced only 3000-4300 feet apart. If you approach such an airport, you would listen to the ATIS beforehand and the ATIS will mention if PRM approaches are in operation. You as a pilot have to have special training within the simulator to be certified to fly such an approach. Then you read the "Attention to all users of PRM approach" chart. There is some key information listed on that chart, briefing you with the differences and facts about the PRM approach.
    The most important item, in my opinion, is the dual VHF requirement. You aircraft has to have two functioning VHF radios. On set number one you dial in the tower frequency and on the second set you monitor/listen to the approach controller, and set the volume level accordingly.
    But see more in the video!
    Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this basic introduction video about PRM approaches!
    Wishing you all the best!
    Your "Captain" Joe
    Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
    @Eric Liang
    @ashfaq afridi
    @HD Melbourne Aviation

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Comments • 1 137


    at 51 777 wins the race of 777 vs e175

  • arthur kitchen
    arthur kitchen 3 days ago

    Love this channel

  • demetrisv08
    demetrisv08 3 days ago

    Keep the videos coming captain. Love these!

  • Rohith Augustine
    Rohith Augustine 3 days ago

    You are such an amazing guy!

  • 47Str8
    47Str8 4 days ago

    Question: On very few occasions (at cruising altitude) the plane would suddenly pull up/down and accelerate/decelerate (very abruptly I might add) and then resume its normal course. What would cause such a sudden change in the flight plan?

  • Random Kid Vlogs
    Random Kid Vlogs 4 days ago

    Is that SFO???

  • chaushb
    chaushb 6 days ago

    Had it two times in three days in Frankfurt, pretty amazing

  • Tommy L
    Tommy L 8 days ago

    whoa that last video is 'really' close!! good call!!

  • peter gonzalez
    peter gonzalez 9 days ago

    capitan JOE intresting as usual,you have answerd all my questions everytime I take a flight,my wife thinks iM a total nerd for knowing all thses facts.

  • Jay Yang
    Jay Yang 13 days ago

    How about we be the best pilot and lad the plane together! As a passenger that's always kool

  • steemdup
    steemdup 15 days ago

    I have not experienced tandem landings at the same airport; however, once when I flew into SFO, we were parallel with an aircraft landing at the same time at OAK. Pretty cool, imo lol

  • Mr.Random
    Mr.Random 16 days ago

    I remember when i was on a flight from Manchester to Paris. When we were approaching Paris, i saw this this other plane in the sky. I didn't most of it but then i saw it again, this time closer. I was getting worried and a bit paranoid. And then it came really close and i literally cried (LOL) and i thought we were gonna crash and die. And we landed and yeah...i felt stupid? That was my first time seeing a parallel landing.

  • rachmaninov47
    rachmaninov47 17 days ago

    what about fra/eddf ? is it a prm approach airport? cheers!!

  • Ashur Iskander
    Ashur Iskander 17 days ago

    Hello Captin Joe. I love your videos. Can you make a video on how many engines can a plane fly with? Thank you.

  • Pau Lo
    Pau Lo 18 days ago

    Cap.. Joe.. Kindly explain what is the difference between Boeing 777 and 777x??

  • Life with slime P
    Life with slime P 20 days ago

    Are you good at physics

  • x y
    x y 20 days ago

    I've flown ILS PRM into ATL. Capt. said look to your right, and there was an AirTran 717 aircraft next to us. Could almost see the passengers from AirTran looking at us.

  • x y
    x y 20 days ago

    Capt. Joe, really like your videos. Great for pilots and non pilots alike.

  • Daniel Gelbert
    Daniel Gelbert 22 days ago

    Do they prohibit PRM approaches during storms/high knot winds

  • Iskinder Sam
    Iskinder Sam 22 days ago

    Almost feel like a pilot at the rate I'm learning here. 👏👏👏

  • Mystery Banana
    Mystery Banana 22 days ago +1

    same background music as slo mo guys


  • DsYkX Plays games
    DsYkX Plays games 23 days ago

    At first I thought it was a optical illusion......

  • Joe Spittle
    Joe Spittle 23 days ago +1

    why I love SFO :)))))))))

  • Pranav Rathi
    Pranav Rathi 26 days ago +1

    Happens all the time with me

  • Meghna Pandharipande
    Meghna Pandharipande 26 days ago

    i am a airbus a380 pilot

  • 1royalwolf
    1royalwolf 27 days ago

    I noticed the pilot in the prm simulation at Sydney airport appeared to turn the wheel right on a left heading breakout. Hope he didn’t crash. Hahaha

  • Sweta Singh
    Sweta Singh 27 days ago +1

    Awesome , Excellent , Superb , In all OUTSTANDING

  • Phil Hunt
    Phil Hunt 28 days ago +1

    Thanks for the explanation. As a passenger coming in to SFO I had one of these. However the pattern was weird. On downwind instead of turning left on to base near san mateo bridge we turned right out to sea(westward). We then did a broad circle around to the left and were joined by what looked like a jet fighter on the right as we did what turned out to be a wide, circular base leg. Eventually both planes did the approach you described. On landing I noticed the other plane was a nasa plane. I trained as a glider pilot and am used to formation flying(while soaring). Seeing a dual landing was new to me. Thanks for the explanation!

  • Ahmad Dan-Hamidu
    Ahmad Dan-Hamidu 28 days ago

    What about TCAS, will it be in the "TA-inhibit" or "TA/RA-inhibit" mode?

  • Yashwanth T Rajaratnam

    Captain. What is hot brakes. What do you do when u detect at 35000feet height. A recent report on this in India. My name is yashwanth in short camled Yash. Would be very helpful. Cheerq

  • Lucien Jones
    Lucien Jones 29 days ago +1


  • Charlie Waffles
    Charlie Waffles Month ago

    now i want to visit San Francisco even more.. XD

  • FGM11
    FGM11 Month ago +1

    and why did the 767 had to do a breakout in your example?!? didn't the 747 "screw up"?

  • Time Traveller 200.000

    Cool did not know
    Thanks Joe

  • Ryan Pratten
    Ryan Pratten Month ago

    Just as you showed the above view of that airport, I thought "That looks like Kingsford Smith."
    I live and work in Sydney, so I got a little excited.
    NB There is a Motorway that runs across beneath the runways of Kingsford Smith airport, which I use quite frequently, so I've seen several of these PRM approaches, but didn't know what they were called.

  • phyllis brady
    phyllis brady Month ago


  • EdEddnEddyonline1
    EdEddnEddyonline1 Month ago

    Is it possible to see one of these approaches at Pittsburgh International Airport?

  • Mohammad Raihan
    Mohammad Raihan Month ago

    Thank you Captain Joe for this and other amazing videos.

  • Ajax Dan Bro
    Ajax Dan Bro Month ago

    4:00 I thought that was cpt Bruce Dickinson for a second

  • I Love Taylor Swift

    Great vid. very interesting

  • I Love Taylor Swift

    If a pilot causes a breakout manoeuvre on another plane, would he get reprimanded for causing such a thing?

  • Raidzor つ ◕_◕ つ

    Doesn't sound too safe even with all these safety procedures. On both collision danger, and breakout alert pilot error. Many times radios malfunction, and a lot of accidents happen during a go - around, because of poorly trained pilots poorly managing flaps and angle of attack.

  • Nicolas FERNANDEZ
    Nicolas FERNANDEZ Month ago

    Not sure if related but approaching Barcelona Airport, I saw a plane very close and lower on the left (by the window). A few seconds later, the pilot very turned abruptly. I didn’t know that a passagers plane could turn so fast! Then the pilot gave a message remiding the passagers to switch off the phones and we landed with no issues. Might have been a false alarm or radio interference because of a phone? A mistake from the pilot?

  • TheKnownKnown
    TheKnownKnown Month ago

    All good unless it's Air Canada

  • guillaume lefevre
    guillaume lefevre Month ago

    Greetings from Luxembourg, lol for the 747 cargolux model

  • Hevi Metaru
    Hevi Metaru Month ago

    Very knowledgeable indeed!

  • Naveen Dx
    Naveen Dx Month ago

    captain joe please talk about upwash and downwash

  • Chiara Lincoln
    Chiara Lincoln Month ago

    This is such an amazing video

  • Faisal Abdul Ghafoor

    Got my confusion cleared on Wake Turbulence on LDA Point. Thanks and appreciate that.

  • sherwin salvatori
    sherwin salvatori Month ago

    Hey joe you lucky guy on giving advice on having a current and a ex grlfd

  • Taran Saunders
    Taran Saunders Month ago

    As a regular flyer into Sydney airport, I have experienced it a few times

  • Flylikechris
    Flylikechris Month ago

    Wooo kdtw gets a shoutout

  • James Lee
    James Lee Month ago

    I did in fact experience a Break Out Procedure one night at home airport (Minneapolis). We were A320 Airbus and we got the "signal" to Get Out Of Dodge when we were less than 2 miles from approach end of runway 12L. It was a dramatic situation because it was pitch dark plus IMC. When the pilot flying my plane called the "engine room" for All Ahead Full, wow did the power really come up fast on that Bus. Uneventful climb to 4000, sharp left turn, back around for a second try at the ILS, no problems then. We were not the "bad guy" -- the aircraft on approach to 12R had deviated to its left sufficiently that we were given the order for Break Out. Very Impressive Procedure then unfolded. I do not know if we still have this simultaneous approach on the books at KMSP. At one time we were one of only a handful of airports in USA that had authorized use of this parallel approach procedure.
    This is a great video !! Especially the example at KSFO.

  • Hoodie Nation
    Hoodie Nation Month ago +1

    When I was going to KUL, there was an airplane landing to terminal 1, and mine landing on terminal 2. The airplane landing to terminal 1 landed first then mine. It was a close comparison of landing time. Anyways, I still enjoying the landing.

  • Jorge Liberato
    Jorge Liberato Month ago

    when do you actually fly the plane yourself (and not autopilot)

  • GardenData61371
    GardenData61371 Month ago +1

    Hey Joe. you should fly for virtual Ryanair. They're awesome!

  • D
    D Month ago

    This guy is a douche.

  • D
    D Month ago

    This guy isn't a Capt. He isn't even an airline pilot. He's a fake.

  • Drew Hiller
    Drew Hiller Month ago

    Thanks Jason

  • Devils Crown
    Devils Crown Month ago

    Are you german?

  • Thehpgamer//THG
    Thehpgamer//THG Month ago

    It is pronounced sid Nee and trust me I live there

  • larrysafetykam
    larrysafetykam Month ago

    Excellent video. Thanks 👍🏽👍🏿👍

  • Luis R. Schulz
    Luis R. Schulz Month ago

    From where do you get your Chart Pictures?

  • old pump
    old pump Month ago

    Amazing vid nd information 💖👌

  • PickRelated
    PickRelated Month ago

    I have experienced it couple of days ago in Kuala Lumpur International Airport and now I stumbled upon this video. Coincidence? I don't think so ;)

  • Anthony Kernich
    Anthony Kernich Month ago

    San Francisco Airport is a really dangerous one, with parallel runways that cross other parallel runways.

  • catseye 11
    catseye 11 Month ago

    Most handsome and hot captain i'v ever seen...i love you....and also respect you.

  • Anonymous Racer
    Anonymous Racer Month ago

    I havent experienced break outs

  • Phrog Chief
    Phrog Chief Month ago

    Flew an approach into SFO in bad weather in 2006. During a break in the clouds / rain I saw a United 747 WAAAY TOO CLOSE! I did not feel safe.

  • Martin Connor
    Martin Connor Month ago

    A company called ITVV made a video of a Virgin Atlantic 747-400 from London to San Francisco, which culminated in a parallel approach to 28L. This was a good few years ago now, and I was surprised that they were instructed a) to keep the other aircraft in sight and b) maintain the same speed, which must be a bit of a challenge with a different Vref.
    The video has been ripped off on TVclip which disgusts me, but can still be

  • Ben Carter
    Ben Carter Month ago

    I'm now an expert and will become a pilot immediately

  • dpm1982
    dpm1982 Month ago

    Excellent video and you answered a couple questions I was curious about. I'll never fly either PRM or SOIA approach but it interesting. The closest I ever came to one was landing a Grumman Tiger on the right side with a DC-10 freighter on the left side but we were 5000' feet apart wing-tip to wing-tip and on parallels. They started off well behind us but we were wings even at 2000' from runaway threshold. I was peddling as fast as I could and tower reminded me (and my instructor), "Caution, Heavy DC10 landing the parallel." I glanced over my left shoulder at about 1500' from the threshold and called out, "DC10 insight no factor" and my instructor freaked because he thought I was going to freeze up on him. I think he was more nervous than I was, I thought it was a blast (having fun, not wake blast). I wanted to tell tower that I bet we'll be able to turn off the right-side before they can turn off the left side, but Mr Happy in the right seat would have pulled my ticket for that!

  • Khemarak Botra
    Khemarak Botra Month ago

    Can u make vlogs about your life?

  • Cyka Blyat
    Cyka Blyat Month ago

    I wish I had your job, I wish I had listened to my heart instead of my parents when I chose my career path...Thanks for your vids, they at least help me dream about what could have been like if I was a commercial pilot.

  • Jaime Rubio Alonso
    Jaime Rubio Alonso Month ago

    What if both planes need to perform a "Go Around" and then have an inner engine failure?
    How can they be clear of each other safely??

  • Andy Kashu
    Andy Kashu Month ago

    As cool as it might be to fly these procedures I see little reason why the ever so safe airlines and airports take so many risks with hundreds of souls aboard an aircraft and deliberately risk to have to fly breakout procedures in the first place (in fact I see one and only one reason, as always). That was something new to me. Thanks for the insights, Joe.

  • Boštjan Šuštar
    Boštjan Šuštar Month ago

    I have a question regarding the SFO airport. Once I was sitting on the right side of the plane so I had a good view to the right (and slightly ahead). We were landing on the left runway and just slightly ahead of us to the right was another plane so the two were approaching almost in parallel. So it was different than what you describe in the video where the plane on the right should be behind the plane on the left. Is that a valid approach into SFO? The interesting part is that just as the other plane touched down, we went into go-around due to our runway not being clear of traffic.

  • Antonio Guinoo
    Antonio Guinoo Month ago

    Do a video of VOR navigation

  • Tammy Adams
    Tammy Adams Month ago


  • Fist of Rage
    Fist of Rage Month ago

    I can now land a plane properly in Arma

  • happy cheeseburger
    happy cheeseburger Month ago

    I had this landing at chicago o hare

  • Mohammad Noufil
    Mohammad Noufil Month ago

    Why planes have their wings tilted towards backward? But Old planes do not have tilted wings.

  • Adam Isakson
    Adam Isakson Month ago

    O’Hare international 10l 10c and 10r

    JSB ABL Month ago

    Landed at SFO last week and saw a plane flying next to us out of the window..... Wasn't really concerned however not being a pilot (just one who is amazed by flying), now I have a basic understanding of parallel landings.

  • Faris Latif
    Faris Latif Month ago +3

    I did experience that break up procedure in flight simulator 😂

    • erikk77
      erikk77 Month ago +1

      Did it lead to a Dog House Isolation procedure?

  • Ingty 22
    Ingty 22 Month ago +1

    *Wooooo* O.O

  • Alessandro Marini
    Alessandro Marini Month ago

    what a cool music!!!

  • TheXanUser
    TheXanUser Month ago

    SFO is my home airport. I just assumed there were many airports with similar setups. :/

  • Swiss39
    Swiss39 Month ago


  • Groove
    Groove Month ago

    Landed as a passenger in SFO once exactly that way.

  • zimasa ndibi
    zimasa ndibi Month ago

    Im a school teacher in village in south africa. Captain Joe i dont understand why I'm watching these videos but for some reason I've been glued to your channel for over an hour

  • Rob Wever
    Rob Wever Month ago

    In the next video. Can you explain why on plane doors is red band across the window? And what cabine crew do to prepare the cabin befor flight? And when have landed. How do youbknow which gate is for you?

  • James Karl
    James Karl Month ago

    And TCAS off.

  • Gamers 4life
    Gamers 4life Month ago

    Washiton seattle

  • Santiago Marquez
    Santiago Marquez Month ago

    Why is it that the 28L and the 28R approach have different PRM monitoring frequencies? Wouldn´t it be more usefull if both pilots hear the Break Out Warning so that both know what is happening? And do pilots readback the Break Out instructions to PRM or Tower controller? I guess the Tower controller is informed automatically by the PRM responsible?

  • Eli Mikiten
    Eli Mikiten Month ago

    About a year ago i was on a flight back from BC and we came in to land at sfo on 28L, turned out that an A380 moved into the no transgression zone. We made a quick turn up to the left.

  • foo bar
    foo bar Month ago

    is a certified prm/soia pilot called soy boy? just kidding ...

  • foo bar
    foo bar Month ago

    could munich get a prm/soia approach, when the 3rd runway is built? would be great! it's a pity, that so many idiots are so strictly against the 3rd runway though everybody is getting benefit from the thriving airport.

  • LucaxxOfficial
    LucaxxOfficial Month ago

    schiphol, Amsterdam has parallel landings

  • fusion
    fusion Month ago +1

    Are you certified for PRM Landings, Captain Joe?