What caused the French Revolution? - Tom Mullaney

  • Published on Oct 27, 2016
  • View full lesson: ed.ted.com/lessons/what-caused-the-french-revolution-tom-mullaney
    What rights do people have, and where do they come from? Who gets to make decisions for others, and on what authority? And how can we organize society to meet people’s needs? Tom Mullaney shows how these questions challenged an entire nation during the upheaval of the French Revolution.
    Lesson by Tom Mullaney, animation by Sashko Danylenko.

Comments • 1 045

  • Alpnah Duevalia Neville

    America soon to come.

  • mohit singh chauhan
    mohit singh chauhan 2 days ago

    " The king charged with treason" well that's interesting.

  • Jason Spreyer
    Jason Spreyer 3 days ago

    Vive La France

  • Karl
    Karl 5 days ago

    It removed many parts of the drench revoltion so , a bit misleading.

  • Ryan Sheffield
    Ryan Sheffield 8 days ago

    Bonaparte Appetite

  • Perplexion Dangerman
    Perplexion Dangerman 11 days ago

    "its not france, its the rest of the continent ! " ~ napoleon

  • AnnoyinglySalty
    AnnoyinglySalty 12 days ago +1

    Marie Antoinette's reputation is actually completely false. She actually attempted to restrain the spending of the nobility during times of hardship, promoted more modest and simple dress styles, and invited children of poorer families to the palace and they played with her children, because she wanted her children to know the average person. She never said "Let them eat cake" and all the paintings of her in fancy clothing were from before the calling of the Estates-General, before the summoning of the Assembly of Notables, even before the hire or dismissal of Jacques Necker. She wasn't a bad person, put the revolution has ingrained into public perception the opposite.

  • MagicForDummiez
    MagicForDummiez 12 days ago

    Such a squeaky clean presentation. There was blood on the streets and it was probably worse when Gadaffi fell.

  • Shadowhunter
    Shadowhunter 17 days ago +1

    Urgh.. Why do I read these comments in a French accent? -_-

  • Nendu Krish
    Nendu Krish 18 days ago +2

    Isn't it an amazing insight into philosophical questions, repetitive insights into human behaviour and the cyclical nature of time all encapsulated in a 5 minute video? Kudos to teded♥️🕊

  • Dan 7
    Dan 7 19 days ago

    Assassins Creed Unity

  • Ae Ea
    Ae Ea 28 days ago

    Yesterday version :
    *French people* : * can't afford bread *
    *Marie-Antoinette* : " let them have cake "
    Nowadays version :
    *French people* : * can't afford fuel*
    *Brigitte Macron* : " let them have electric cars "
    *French people* :
    * challenge accepted *

    I SWEAR on my LIFE she said this. I am not even kidding 😂 😂 😂 😂

  • Ae Ea
    Ae Ea 28 days ago

    Something you could have perhaps said too (but perhaps the video is too short) is that the State has turned to a police-state's authoritarian regime with a certain repression through fear. Bastille was actually as a political prison because everyone could be jailed just on order.

  • Archita Das
    Archita Das 29 days ago +1

    Vive la France!!!!!

  • Jeffery Handerson
    Jeffery Handerson Month ago +1

    Louis XVI wasn't bad, he was just incompetent of ruling to stabilize the state or controlling them nobles. He was a man of many things but the ruling the Kingdom of France wasn't one of them. He would've made a better keysmith or a locksmith than a king.
    And Mari Antoinette wasn't the kind of person to say 'Let them eat cake.'
    She was a person who liked simple things than the French Aristocrats, although still being simple among the nobles still looked like noble to the people's eye. She was just a princess of Prussia who married the wrong person at the wrong time.

    • Ae Ea
      Ae Ea 28 days ago +1

      Yet, the guy should have became actor or soccer player than keysmith or locksmith.
      Wait, aren't you talking about nowadays France?

  • Karthik Dulam
    Karthik Dulam Month ago +1

    I don't understand the last line.

    • Ae Ea
      Ae Ea 28 days ago

      They mean the problems stay the same : the same are taking wealth, while people can't get out of the situation.

    FRANCO PEREZ Month ago +1

    the actual/correct word is craftspeople not craftsmen

  • Jrytsray iyuk77
    Jrytsray iyuk77 Month ago +1

    Every attempt to change the government in EVEL ways,..can make disasters to the people in self. They will be another opportunity for the next EVEL government replacement, it's NEVER end, unless the people make it the change it in good ways.

  • Aju Mathew
    Aju Mathew Month ago

    Lies lies big lies!! Middle class (merchants and business classes) wanted to capture authority over Europe. They used farmers for it. They conspired against the dynasty and hijacked European power. Napolean was just a puppet.
    Earlier it was kings and nobles, later it became merchants and business aristocrats.

  • DoubleDS9
    DoubleDS9 Month ago +1

    An excellent summation of the Revolution's key facts and contexts. Well done!

  • Mikaelah Perez
    Mikaelah Perez Month ago +1

    bruh the animation is ted-ed never disappoints.

  • Ayoub Tagui
    Ayoub Tagui Month ago +1

    thanks to help me for my exams ;D

  • Toffee Stark
    Toffee Stark Month ago +1

    i'm actually french i've studied these motherfuckers revolutions during almost all my scolarity
    idek what i'm doing here

  • Mavis TTL
    Mavis TTL Month ago +2

    *_Large Baguette Intensifies_*
    im a hamiltrash

  • The Spanish Armada
    The Spanish Armada Month ago

    Then we have Les Mis.

  • GeralDine Hunter
    GeralDine Hunter Month ago

    nice speaking voice.............clear & slow Thx

  • Fallen Star
    Fallen Star Month ago +1

    lol the anthem music in the background is so cute

  • Ties Hesse
    Ties Hesse Month ago +1

    The music on the thing is not good for a video like this.

  • FraSMoe
    FraSMoe Month ago +1

    Nice molotov.

  • Franklin Falco
    Franklin Falco 2 months ago


  • Franklin Falco
    Franklin Falco 2 months ago

    France France Revolution

  • Will Lastnameguy
    Will Lastnameguy 2 months ago +3

    All because a bunch of rich people couldn't bother to pay ANY taxes.

    • Ae Ea
      Ae Ea 28 days ago +1

      Just like nowadays fuel taxes... 😏
      Oh, wait... #GiletsJaunes

    OXYMORON 2 months ago

    The politicians are ten times more worst than monarchy right now corruption war cronyism etc

    • Ae Ea
      Ae Ea 28 days ago

      No, just it is more visible

  • Tracey Kinney
    Tracey Kinney 2 months ago

    How I wish these were available during my school years

  • Swetha Sri
    Swetha Sri 2 months ago +1


  • The bunny of Gacha
    The bunny of Gacha 2 months ago +1



  • shampa ghosh
    shampa ghosh 2 months ago

    U show anything please correct your information ok???

    Ist estate clergy
    2nd estate mobility

  • Nikki Nickster
    Nikki Nickster 3 months ago +3

    please make something about the Philippines, like it's revolution or a certain person!

  • guy gaboldin
    guy gaboldin 3 months ago +2

    In short all the wars ever fought in the world were caused by the rich

  • BlackCat
    BlackCat 3 months ago +1

    Let them eat cake !

    • Ae Ea
      Ae Ea 28 days ago

      Nowadays version :
      *French people* : * can't afford fuel because of too high taxes *
      *Brigitte Macron* : " let them have electric cars "
      *French people* : * challenge accepted *

      I SWEAR on my LIFE she said this. I am not even kidding 😂 😂 😂 😂

    • Ae Ea
      Ae Ea 28 days ago

      Nowadays version : " let them have electric cars"

      I SWEAR on my LIFE Brigitte Macron said it. I am not even kidding 😂 😂 😂 😂

    FRESH JUICE 3 months ago


  • Jérôme Mallem
    Jérôme Mallem 3 months ago

    When will the world stop believing leftists stories ? Please, don't you see it's a myth for children you just heard ? The truth is so far away from that. This is just pure republican propaganda.

  • Berekont
    Berekont 3 months ago

    Look elsewhere if you want historical accuracy.

  • xxEls Bellsxx
    xxEls Bellsxx 3 months ago +1

    So I’m doing this to impress my French teacher lol 😂

  • Rumki Das
    Rumki Das 3 months ago

    Je suis français...

  • anjalisharma pusa
    anjalisharma pusa 3 months ago

    So beautifully explained

  • Arman Quitoriano
    Arman Quitoriano 3 months ago

    Came here after watching Les Miserables

  • eggyeox
    eggyeox 3 months ago

    I think one of the biggest thing they forgot to mention was how Robespierre was one of the most influential figures at the forefront of the revolution, like he essentially got it started, he had great morals at first, he wasn’t just some guy who started the terror at the end of the revolution lmao (although he did flip a switch on his morals near the end, which got him beheaded as well rip)

  • Dexter Dextrow
    Dexter Dextrow 3 months ago

    Short, concise and addressing most essentials of the story. Can’t really say I learned much myself, but certainly of value for those who are short on time but still want to know the basics of the revolution.

  • Sarah Wells
    Sarah Wells 3 months ago

    Where’s Marie Joseph Paul yech roch Gilbert motier Marquis De Lafayette??

  • Yolanda Johnson
    Yolanda Johnson 3 months ago +1

    thank you for explaining it soooooo well!!!!! I've always found the French Revolution to be soooooo interesting!!!!!

  • Rex Light
    Rex Light 3 months ago

    The reason of french revolution. "The rothschild family"

    • Clavicus Vile
      Clavicus Vile 3 months ago

      Rex Light exactly it was founded on lies and innocent royal family died from it

  • AsnBlox
    AsnBlox 4 months ago +1

    Communism should had existed earlier.

  • Y Hu
    Y Hu 4 months ago

    This is a modern construction of the French Revolution Myth.

  • Rey M
    Rey M 4 months ago +3

    im here from assassin's creed unity

  • Ms.UP
    Ms.UP 4 months ago

    Im the thousandth comment! Let them eat cake

  • Darth Vitiate
    Darth Vitiate 4 months ago

    Revolutions might start well but then the nut bags come along and take things too far

  • Alice M.
    Alice M. 4 months ago

    the tea at the end of the video

  • ExtraRiceGT
    ExtraRiceGT 4 months ago

    Imagine a empire with no revoulutions

    This post was made by the Bourbon gang

  • Ana60448
    Ana60448 4 months ago

    Excellent summary. Merci!

  • Pardon me are You
    Pardon me are You 4 months ago +1

    A summary of the French Revolution
    Not enough baguette
    [current goal]
    _acquire the baguette_

  • Storm Attwell
    Storm Attwell 4 months ago

    can you put the texst of this video in you explanation please?

  • Jack Barnes
    Jack Barnes 4 months ago


  • Natarajan Varshini
    Natarajan Varshini 4 months ago

    Change in tamil

  • Z R A
    Z R A 5 months ago

    We can make a religion out of this...

  • Mamoon Almanaseer
    Mamoon Almanaseer 5 months ago

    Nada qandar
    Abeer darweesh
    Thank you for the translation

  • Pravati Rout
    Pravati Rout 5 months ago

    plz can u express that hindi

  • Saem Mao
    Saem Mao 5 months ago


  • gucci gang
    gucci gang 5 months ago

    Why didn't any financial reforms pass? Who opposed them

  • Alondra Hernandez
    Alondra Hernandez 5 months ago +1

    I’m so thankful for Ted Ed it’s a fun and more interesting way of learning everything summed up i Pat attention at school but the stuff they say makes no sense and they don’t put the time into it to explain it but Ted Ed does it within less than 6 minutes