How Brexit could create a crisis at the Irish border

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  • Published on Aug 17, 2018
  • The open border has helped keep the peace for 20 years.
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    Northern Ireland is part of the UK, but because of a special power-sharing agreement, it has an open border with Republic of Ireland. This was designed as a compromise that ended 30 years of conflict and violence in Northern Ireland between Nationalist and Unionist paramilitaries.
    Today, Brexit means that the UK needs to close its borders and the issue of the Irish border is one of the hardest things to negotiate with the EU. Closing this border could undermine the compromise that kept the peace for 20 years.
    To truly understand the international conflicts and trends shaping our world you need a big-picture view. Video journalist Sam Ellis uses maps to tell these stories and chart their effects on foreign policy.
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Comments • 9 822

  • ITLLBGRAND
    ITLLBGRAND 3 hours ago

    I don't know what the best solution is, but as someone who lives in the Republic all I can say is that no matter what happens it's gonna be messy!

  • Cameron’s Dublin
    Cameron’s Dublin 23 hours ago

    Britain needs to give Northern Ireland back to Ireland it belongs to Ireland the republic like and if the Protestants don’t like it send them back to we’re they belong.

    • Cameron’s Dublin
      Cameron’s Dublin 23 hours ago

      People say the Ira is bad the British are bad the ones who killed millions of us over the years like we are only getting revenge

  • The Last Spartan

    we should just invade Ireland !!! border problems solved
    no deal brexit now and tell the eu to shove their 39billon bill where the sun don't shine !!!
    and send home all eu nationals working in the UK and give the jobs back to who they rightfully belong to, namely the British people

  • bubbaries
    bubbaries Day ago +1

    It’s time for the British to leave and for Northern Ireland to reunite with the Republic.
    Solidarity for America, my brothers. There’s nothing more American that kicking the British out!

  • Paid is now free
    Paid is now free 2 days ago

    British did nothing else than just drawing lines on the maps

  • ipak2010
    ipak2010 2 days ago

    Northern Ireland must be part of the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland does not belong to the UK, they are not Brits so why should they pay the price for Brexit

  • Gaming Youtuber Noonan010

    Just give Northern Ireland back to the Irish. This isn't difficult.

  • Luke Carlin
    Luke Carlin 4 days ago

    Could.just let Irish people through freely but not othera

    • Mr. Khan
      Mr. Khan Day ago

      Luke Carlin ye but there would still need to be a border as how could you tell who was Irish and not. Also if there was no border thousand of illegal contraband would be brought over into Britain

  • Mr Classic
    Mr Classic 4 days ago +1

    The UK is just falling apart internally

  • DIY Time
    DIY Time 4 days ago

    I live in Antrim, (north of Ireland) and I identify as Irish, have an Irish passport and am catholic. I find it absurd that Northern Ireland is no doubtably the most effected by Brexit due to hard borders and the past of the troubles and is pretty much only represented by DUP. What ever happened to Irish nationalists and republican citizens being represented and having more of a say in their lives ????

  • xrx0R 9
    xrx0R 9 4 days ago +1

    Why don't we do some gerrymandering, and make Northern Ireland join the Republic, because they voted to remain.

  • O-5 Administrator [REDACTED]

    Brexit has done more to possibly create a unified Ireland than the Irish Republican Army.

  • Enda Hynes
    Enda Hynes 5 days ago

    I think they should let Northern Ireland be independent from both countries so that means Northern Ireland not the UK not the Republic of Ireland but Northern Ireland choose their own path

    • Enda Hynes
      Enda Hynes 10 hours ago

      Hey You I agree and well said

    • Hey You
      Hey You 11 hours ago

      Northern Ireland couldn’t function as an independent country because the people living in it don’t see NI as a sovereign country and they never will. Irish nationalists view NI as stolen Irish territory and unionists view NI as part of the UK. This will never change. If the UK for some reason just dumped NI then NI would split between east (mainly unionist) and west (mainly nationalist). The west would join Ireland the east would form (reluctantly) an independent country.

  • geroutathat
    geroutathat 7 days ago +2

    Firstly, It was not the view of the IRA that the north was part of Ireland, it was the view of the Republic of Ireland too. The tensions did not rise because of border, but because Irish nationalists were treated woefully. The Republic of Ireland gave up this claim on the north as part of the Good Friday agreement. What did the UK have to give up? to promise not to put up a border and to allow them an equal vote. So if the UK wants to throw the GFA in the bin, then Ireland reinstates its claim that the north is part of the Republic part of the EU and the UK is a foreign army inside the EU, this stance was backed up by the EU who said they would wholly and totally accept this.

    You simply cant trust the UK, Ireland gave up total claim to the land and UK just had to do what they were already doing, not build a border, now they are tested they cant honour their end.

  • Jemime Disraeli
    Jemime Disraeli 7 days ago

    Remember when the US decided to break away from the British empire? Were there a few people that wanted the British to stay? In order to placate those people, was a chunk of the 13 colonies carved out for the British and their loyalists to occupy? No, it wasn't. Because the US was a rebel democracy and this place is an occupied monarchic dictatorship run by racialist Tory Britzis

  • Dead_Nemesis
    Dead_Nemesis 7 days ago

    Dont forget the troubles

  • Henry Ficklin
    Henry Ficklin 8 days ago

    For anyone saying we should just give Ulster back to Ireland, thank you for your complete disregard for the context and complexity of the situation. Take your good-sounding mindlessness and leave this to adults who respect both communities and know what they're talking about.

  • Henry Ficklin
    Henry Ficklin 8 days ago

    Out of interest, how many of you are Americans that didn't previously know there was violence that recently in the UK? How does it make you feel?

  • Isabella Grey
    Isabella Grey 8 days ago +11

    My dream is to see a United ireland in my lifetime💚🧡🇮🇪
    -coming from an Irish teenager

    • P M
      P M Day ago

      Clorox Bleach idk if it’s your English or if you’re saying I implied Ireland was going to unite with GB. That’s not what I said. Ireland will unite, the entire island. I never once implied that it was an attack. I can only assume English is not your first language as your comment isn’t phrased in a way that can be easily responded to. Neither the British or Irish governments are going to break the GFA. The US was involved in the GFA too so if Ireland voted to unite and the U.K. said no it wouldn’t be tolerated. They would be forced to.

    • Clorox Bleach
      Clorox Bleach Day ago

      @P M Well the way that you were saying that I should take a good look at it, you were implying that one day Ireland was going to Unite Great Britian and the rest of Ireland. Sure they can unite by a treaty and not a war however, you imply that it's an attack. And as for you talking about certain rules that prevent nation's from attacking, don't trust it to much because if you fail to learn form history, you'll just repeat it. And sorry for any confusion made from that past comment.

    • P M
      P M 2 days ago

      Clorox Bleach lol what??? Why would anyone attack each-other? Under the GFA when NI wants to join Ireland they just be allowed to. The British and Irish governments must act upon this and respect the vote. The U.K. wouldn’t “take” Ireland. Why would they do that? Why would Ireland attack the U.K.? Like what gain would that even be for them? What you’re saying though is if the European Union, who has some of the biggest military powers (combined is much more than the uk), had a fight with Britain that the US would join in on Britain’s side. Lol why though? It would mean the US loses a much much larger trading partner and loses more allies. That would not be beneficial to the us at all. They’d stay out of it.

  • harsh kumar
    harsh kumar 8 days ago

    You people explain far better than any news channel and also showing information with map that really helpful to retain the information or country where they are on the map

  • Abdul Rehman
    Abdul Rehman 9 days ago +4

    Make a United Ireland

  • 7/11 Truther.
    7/11 Truther. 9 days ago +1

    I'm an american and for all the flak people in other western countries give us for the flaws in our own public education system, I'm actually surprised by how many brits are taught so little about their history with ireland. I definitely remember learning about several historical events in high school like the great famine which if you know was mostly an unforseen result of london treating irish farmers like feudel peasents well into the mid 1800's. It reminds me of all the southern states here in MERICA that like to revise history in their text books and neglect to inform their public school students that their ancestors were traitors who were fully to blame for the american civil war.

  • moses 1997
    moses 1997 10 days ago

    I hope the British gets destroyed

  • el
    el 11 days ago +2

    Funny how the only British border problem is not even in Britain.

  • Kar Pat
    Kar Pat 11 days ago +1

    Ireland and Iceland must be brought under complete british teritory to make peace. Lol west europe countries becoming smaller and smaller while russian and china are slowly expanding in size.

  • Michael Yi
    Michael Yi 11 days ago

    When Brits want nationalism when their past says otherwise invading other countries. Plus, the U.K. stole a lot of history and things from other countries such as spices, tea, foods like curry but yet says they want to take back the United Kingdom. Hippocrates, really. Plus, the United Kingdom is historically white.

    • R.o.b
      R.o.b 9 days ago

      Michael Yi no there historically the same as you because ireland was first settled by scotts aka the British

  • Qingyun Bao
    Qingyun Bao 12 days ago +1

    Should have a referendum for North Ireland. They have their right to choose stay or leave instead of being represented by London.

  • Bradley Goo
    Bradley Goo 12 days ago

    Ww3 needs to hurry up and start

  • TheSmithersy
    TheSmithersy 12 days ago

    Or here's a better idea. How about the Irish Republic reunite with the United Kingdom?

    • P M
      P M 6 days ago

      TheSmithersy why would they? They left for a reason and comparing the Irish republic with Northern Ireland you can see they really benefited from leaving. They’re doing a lot better than the U.K. right now

    • R.o.b
      R.o.b 9 days ago +1

      Yep

  • Katragadda Vijayshankar
    Katragadda Vijayshankar 12 days ago +1

    From Ireland: Wish UK to leave their hold and give a Unified Ireland ✊ which is unique than England

  • Daniel Yusuke Shimizu
    Daniel Yusuke Shimizu 13 days ago

    Gibraltar: am I a joke to you?

  • Roman Gawande
    Roman Gawande 14 days ago +15

    Imagine how easily they drawn the borders between India Pakistan which killed like millions.

  • Skeven Brampt
    Skeven Brampt 15 days ago

    There are historic grievances around the British presence in Ireland, yes, but ultimately this is a decision for Northern Ireland to make. And while a great deal of people are generally anti-British because of their rather maligned history across much of the globe, economics and identity play a much greater role in how this situation will play out, in Dublin many are fearful of the cost of having to subsidise the now poorer North, while many in the North fear change re-igniting conflict. Sadly alot of Britain bar perhaps liverpool and Glasgow barely even realise the situation in NI, hopefully London can sort something out that makes a referendum for reunification a perk of being able to choose and not a necessity to avoid conflict.

  • J Chris
    J Chris 15 days ago +1

    So many countries have the border problems
    Be similar with Taiwan question

  • Bun Bun
    Bun Bun 15 days ago

    watch cgp greys video about this

  • Breadking L gelato
    Breadking L gelato 16 days ago

    to disable your comments in the previous video is a weak move

  • 112mrc
    112mrc 17 days ago

    People going ohh give NI it’s independence it’s a treaty for a reason for example you won’t violate a treaty like the treaty of London if your weaker and for example the USA buying Alaska was against a treaty setting the borders but no action was taking as we were dealing with Europe and Asia right now weren’t dealing with anything other than brexit

  • jinke Wu
    jinke Wu 17 days ago +5

    be freedom north Ireland,democracy north Ireland independence!

  • Ben Murtagh
    Ben Murtagh 17 days ago

    Tiocfaidh ar lá. 🇮🇪🇮🇪

  • Akirann
    Akirann 18 days ago

    That's why you never see a pol in England, because they are cramming in the Republic

  • Lee Dent
    Lee Dent 18 days ago

    *SEAMUS*



    *GET THE FERTILIZER*

  • Dhanu 007
    Dhanu 007 18 days ago +3

    Let the British suffer like we are suffering from Kashmir

  • GamingWithCarl YT
    GamingWithCarl YT 18 days ago

    Evolution of UK:
    England
    English-Scottish Commonwealth
    Great Britain (Wales Joined)
    United Kingdom Of Great Britain & Ireland
    United Kingdom Of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
    United Kingdom Of Great Britain (Northern Ireland left UK)

    • P M
      P M 6 days ago

      GamingWithCarl YT Scotland might even go before NI

  • Brian Woods
    Brian Woods 20 days ago +1

    As an Irishman ☘️ we need to keep a good border with the UK but we cannot be used as a passage for illegals to get in from that as it is to benefit real Irish people with families , jobs and business dealings

    • Brian Woods
      Brian Woods 20 days ago

      And vox should please vacate themselves out of Irish politics

  • Cormac Reilly
    Cormac Reilly 20 days ago

    I would murder every prody bastard in Britain without a second thought

  • Darren Richard
    Darren Richard 21 day ago

    the open border hasn’t kept the peace the fact no one wants to go back to the days of the troubles again,does. The millitant groups are dead or so small that they’d make no difference in a world were funding for domestic terrorists is hard to get,support for a united Ireland is low...painfully so. power-sharing in Belfast has kept the peace...okay thats it, no one feels as if they have to pick up their guns to protect themselves or their rights anymore. fact. stop scaremongering.

  • You & Me
    You & Me 21 day ago

    Madarchod hago app ne yha bhi hag diya

  • Andy Schlager
    Andy Schlager 22 days ago +1

    There is only one solution : reunion Ireland

  • Danny Gamer
    Danny Gamer 23 days ago

    I fear reunification, I am northern Irish and this is my worst worry

    • Darren Greene
      Darren Greene 22 days ago

      @Danny Gamer I see. But wouldn't it be better if the Irish homeland is finally emancipated from British influence? I mean I'm sure the religious differences could be sorted out for the sake of this.

    • Danny Gamer
      Danny Gamer 22 days ago

      Darren Greene we will loose rights as we have a public holiday that celebrates us beating a catholic king

    • Darren Greene
      Darren Greene 22 days ago

      Why so?

  • orlando124431
    orlando124431 23 days ago

    To any Yank watching this...it was funded by your Irish diaspora in Boston, Chicago and New York. Only after 9/11 did the funding really end. The Brits should have bombed the Republic for hosting and abetting terrorism. They were pretty restrained.

  • Astro Not
    Astro Not 23 days ago

    same as India - Pak.. we are still suffering

  • Patrick Woodside
    Patrick Woodside 24 days ago +3

    Dissolve The UK Union the North of Ireland 🇮🇪 & Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 both voted to Remain with the EU so Independence for England Wales Scotland & a United Ireland

  • Rangoon
    Rangoon 24 days ago

    Rip Etika

  • Sheridan Isashitstain
    Sheridan Isashitstain 24 days ago

    Put the people in the u k who want to be there, and give Northern Ireland back to Ireland.

  • Governor Kolp
    Governor Kolp 24 days ago

    No true Irishman would vote to be apart of the undemocratic EU.

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 9 days ago +1

      @Governor Kolp There is no identity crisis in Ireland, as much as you may wish for one. Try sorting out you own country before you demonstrate your ignorance of others.

    • Governor Kolp
      Governor Kolp 22 days ago

      @Taint ABird Nope, the identity crisis for Ireland is starting now.

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 23 days ago

      @Governor Kolp Ireland pooled it's sovereignty in some areas in order to amplify it. It is has worked very well because Ireland knows how to use it. The Irish are secure in their identity in a way the English in particular are not.

    • Governor Kolp
      Governor Kolp 23 days ago

      @Taint ABird Are you Irish? Why would you give your Sovereignty away to bureaucrats in the EU? Ireland fought to repel British control years ago, but now you want a new power to have control over you?

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 24 days ago

      Says Governor Kolp, an expert on the Irish people.

  • Karl91
    Karl91 24 days ago

    Simple solution, Brits get out of the north of Ireland. The End.

  • James Stuart
    James Stuart 25 days ago

    The trobles part 2: electric boogaloo

  • LAJV LÄSSMAN
    LAJV LÄSSMAN 25 days ago +1

    That's not the only land border. Do not forget Gibraltar

    • goulding 1
      goulding 1 23 days ago

      Gibraltar is not as big of a deal

  • Random Youtube Channel
    Random Youtube Channel 25 days ago +2

    switzerland isnt in the EU. It has open borders. The UK can do the same.

    • Random Youtube Channel
      Random Youtube Channel 6 days ago

      @P M ive looked under the bed.
      ive looked outside.
      and ive even looked online.
      and i still cant find a time where ive asked for your opinion.

    • P M
      P M 6 days ago +1

      Random TVclip Channel Switzerland is part of the Schengen area so they must follow certain EU rules. The U.K. has never been part of Schengen and neither has Ireland because they are islands.

    • Random Youtube Channel
      Random Youtube Channel 23 days ago

      @Kārlis Kokorevičs i do. its called an idea. something that i dont think you've heard of.

  • Sanu Rawat
    Sanu Rawat 25 days ago

    I'm still confused why UK is leaving EU? & making things more harder

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 24 days ago

      They don't like foreigners, and they like to blame others for their bad decisions.
      Well 51% of them do.

    • trsk
      trsk 24 days ago

      Divide and conquer. I think the Chinese are the true masterminds behind a lot of it.

  • theory8sf
    theory8sf 26 days ago

    Just make Ireland a whole island!

  • TEAMPLAYER
    TEAMPLAYER 26 days ago +1

    📝Comment if you support Brexit
    👍Like if you are against Brexit

  • Yaamin Mohmmed
    Yaamin Mohmmed 26 days ago

    Why just keep the north ? Give Ireland to Ireland simple

  • dan shanahan
    dan shanahan 27 days ago +1

    Pure nonsense.brexit is happening.the good people of Britain voted for it.respect democracy and their vote

  • Nnelg Drahcir
    Nnelg Drahcir 27 days ago +1

    What about the calls for the Republic to join with the UK. Makes far more sense.

    • P M
      P M 6 days ago

      Nnelg Drahcir there are no calls for Ireland to join the U.K. Certainly no meaningful ones anyways. Why would Ireland join the U.K.? They are currently doing better than the U.K. being one of the richest, most developed and most prosperous nations in the world. Compare them to NI which is still one of the poorest regions in Europe and not even considered developed. Why would they want to be like that? It literally makes zero sense for them to do that.

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 23 days ago

      @Nnelg Drahcir less than 30% supported the union in the 1918 general election. However the majority were in favour of the Anglo Irish treaty....

    • magicrulz101
      magicrulz101 23 days ago

      Nnelg Drahcir: “50% never wanted independence”? What are you talking about? We fought countless rebellions over the course of 700 years for independence and when we were allowed to vote on the matter in a wide franchise the overwhelming majority of the island and practically everyone in the southern 26 countries of what is now the Republic of Ireland voted for FULL separation from the UK. A result the UK government promptly ignored leading to our war of independence...

  • Spaghetti Bird
    Spaghetti Bird 27 days ago +1

    But why can't the UK just have a separate agreement with the Republic of Ireland based on open borders. It doesn't need to be in the EU to make its own international agreements

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 27 days ago

      Because the British border in Ireland becomes a border with the EU, not just Ireland. Therefore its an EU issue and Ireland cannot make rules and arrangement with a third country on behalf of the entire bloc.

  • Liam Wilson
    Liam Wilson 28 days ago +1

    the Unionists should just go back to great Britain

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 24 days ago

      Some do, most don't.
      Some will, most won't.

    • Karl91
      Karl91 24 days ago

      @Taint ABird They hate us with a passion, I'd say most of the "protestants" would rather go back to Britain

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 27 days ago

      I disagree. I would like to see them stay in a united Ireland where they feel at home, one day.

  • David Putland
    David Putland 28 days ago

    Well this is what happens when you let milliona of migrants in yo make up for killing millions. And then terrorist attacks, sexual assault and rape sky rockets. People don’t want a part in that

    • Taint ABird
      Taint ABird 27 days ago

      I think you might be on the wrong video, mate.

  • Wobble The Worm
    Wobble The Worm Month ago

    WW3 Please

  • Muhammad Uddin
    Muhammad Uddin Month ago +2

    This is a Scam,Brexit won't happen.