One Town, Four Elements: Ytterby

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  • Published on Feb 27, 2017
  • Yttrium, terbium, erbium and ytterbium were all named after one small town on the Stockholm archipelago. But it could have been different, and there could have been many other names. From a snowy bit of Sweden, and a mine that's a historical landmark, let's talk about discovery, chemists, and a man named Gadolin.
    Thanks to Paul (@cr3) on camera, and to @de_isja, @Ekkelos, @chemician and Chris Armstrong for proofreading the chemistry in the script!
    I'm at tomscott.com
    on Twitter at twitter.com/tomscott
    on Facebook at facebook.com/tomscott
    and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo

Comments • 519

  • Oliver Berndtsson
    Oliver Berndtsson 28 days ago

    Hmm I live 20min away, time to visit that mine I guess (y)

  • Anthon
    Anthon 3 months ago

    Watching this from the Ytterby mine!

  • N Albertsson
    N Albertsson 3 months ago

    *You just made those elements up! - It's not big or clever to troll people with chemistry, you know!*

  • MarcusBurkenhare
    MarcusBurkenhare 5 months ago

    Am I alone in thinking Ytterby sounds like it should be in Yorkshire rather than Sweden?

  • Findecanor
    Findecanor 6 months ago

    I visited that mine today. What you see here is literally all that's left of it.
    Where he starts walking used to be a deep mine-shaft but it was roofed in the 1950s when it was converted to house ship's fuel.

  • SebbeF
    SebbeF 7 months ago

    I kind of hoped this was the Ytterby in my region but this was on the opposite side of the country, what a bummer! :(

  • jogiff
    jogiff 7 months ago

    Lawrence Livermore Labs and its affiliated university UC Berkeley have four elements named after them (collectively): Lawrencium 103, Livermorium 116, Californium 98, and Berkelium 97. And UC Berkeley is known as Cal, so maybe we could add calcium 20?

  • Joe King
    Joe King 10 months ago

    Well hey, we at least still have Americium 🇺🇸

  • Audrey Hollenbaugh
    Audrey Hollenbaugh 10 months ago

    We're doing projects on any element we want at school and I'm picking yttrium because of this video

  • NoiLeafGreen
    NoiLeafGreen 10 months ago +2

    Fun fact: Ytterby directly translates to "Outer Village"

  • Gaurav Rao
    Gaurav Rao Year ago

    What about Berkeley? Lawrencium, Berkelium, Californium, and Americium were named after the Lab, City, State, and Country they were developed in (all by Berkeley teams)

  • Tyler Ruden
    Tyler Ruden Year ago

    Why do you only wear red shirts? Even under the sweatshirt

  • Ranjit
    Ranjit Year ago

    Unfortunately science doesn’t work like that anymore if you go against powerful people you will be shut down.

  • Dan B 0809
    Dan B 0809 Year ago

    500th comment

  • TR 85
    TR 85 Year ago

    your voice is so amazing i could listen to you all day.

  • David Andrews
    David Andrews Year ago

    Hate to do this to you, Tom, but the town isn't called /iterbi/; the 'y' in Swedish and Finnish is more like the 'ü' in German. It is a vowel only in the Nordic languages, rather than having the fairly mixed status it has in English.

  • brianartillery
    brianartillery Year ago

    And Gadolin had the element 'Gadolinium' named after him. Odd that there isn't a 'Lavoisinium' though.

  • TheHeroOfTheStory

    I was hoping the town was the home of the Avatar or something. But still neat! :)

  • Milomand99
    Milomand99 Year ago

    tom
    red shirt

  • Svart Röd
    Svart Röd Year ago

    Tom Scott's Scandinavian Adventures Part 53247

  • Philip Balfour
    Philip Balfour Year ago

    "Or taste it."

  • cerberus144
    cerberus144 Year ago

    That's amazing, where I'm from only has two Elements I can think of. Californium and Berkelium, After California and the city Berkeley in California.

  • The Red Soldier
    The Red Soldier Year ago

    The sequel to 2 Girls, 1 Cup

  • Why Satan
    Why Satan Year ago

    British Tim Allen is that you?

  • UltimateGeek
    UltimateGeek Year ago

    never thought you'd ever visit my home country

  • Red Rax - Max Meyer

    I knew about this from a talk Randall Monroe, creator of xkcd, gave about his book, Thing Explainer. It also mentions this fact in the book

  • Wilm hill
    Wilm hill Year ago

    I live in ytterby. Why could you not tell me you were coming. I could give you some tea.

  • Leo Trollstoy
    Leo Trollstoy Year ago

    I want you to make a documentary

  • Doige
    Doige Year ago +2

    Do you think Only Connect looks to prior contestants for questions?

  • Holgast
    Holgast Year ago +2

    Hi Tom! Where can I read that paper about 'Supposed New Elements - Two Centuries of Errors'?

  • Jim Willis
    Jim Willis Year ago

    thanks for adding proper captions for the Deaf. I enjoy watching :)

  • Samuel Li
    Samuel Li Year ago

    What's with 50fps?

    • Creepyslacker boy
      Creepyslacker boy Year ago

      Samuel Li So lights don't flicker when he is under street lamps almost anywhere except the US.

  • Alex00712
    Alex00712 Year ago

    En tätort, fyra grundämnen: Ytterby

  • Skroot
    Skroot Year ago

    Being a swede, it's nice to get educated about my stuff in my own country. :) I had no idea!

  • Raphael Fua
    Raphael Fua Year ago

    not a single cut... well done! it gives a very enjoyable rythm to the video

  • Firstname Lastname

    50hz is really trippy

  • Natacha Ségala
    Natacha Ségala Year ago

    Jag älskar Sverige så mycket! Such a good excuse to visit Ytterby.

  • rccarmadben
    rccarmadben Year ago

    Would have been helpful to tell us what those elements do

  • Klapaucius Fitzpatrick

    Your diction has become better. Congratulations, you're becoming an excellent storyteller

  • xzonia1
    xzonia1 Year ago

  • Dwardom8k
    Dwardom8k Year ago

    Not trying to be a thorn, but you don't put a voltage "through" an object. Voltage refers to a difference in electric potential across two points. You have a voltage across a resistor, for instance, and an electrical current through it. However, excellent video as always, Tom Scott!

  • Kenajcrap
    Kenajcrap Year ago

    Hey Tom! how was your break? I hope you had fun!
    Have you heard of this vulnerability on CloudFlare DNS service? They are calling it "CloudBleed" It affected a lot of big sites like Discordapp.com and Uber.com. Your explanations are always the best for this type of topic, so I would love to see it in a video some day :)

  • iko
    iko Year ago

    Awesome, I didn't know this and I'm a Swede.

  • Gingerninja800
    Gingerninja800 Year ago

    dat framerate though

  • MaxPower
    MaxPower Year ago

    Couldn't they have named at least one or two of the elements after some of the people involved, or the town drunk, or something? ^^

  • J W
    J W Year ago

    Fantastic video :) Truly fascinating!

  • Roan Kattouw
    Roan Kattouw Year ago

    And the runner-up is... the East Bay region in Northern California :) with californium, berkelium and livermorium

  • hglasier
    hglasier Year ago

    You might enjoy the UK discovery of manaccanite in Cornwall.

  • Andreas Gu
    Andreas Gu Year ago

    gooo swiideen

  • Haziq
    Haziq Year ago

    this guy is cute

  • Jung Voon
    Jung Voon Year ago

    USA's a close runner up with 3, Californium, Americium and Berkelium

  • Amy Ruth
    Amy Ruth Year ago

    My friend has raves

  • Tomek
    Tomek Year ago

    I'm impressed with Paul's walking backwards over all those rocks!

  • Attack Helicopter

    I wanted to make a chemistry joke but there was no reaction.

  • Matthew Haas
    Matthew Haas Year ago

    Love this series!

  • Charles Gregory
    Charles Gregory Year ago

    Technically, isn't there also a single place where Lutetium, Gallium, Francium and Europium are named after?

  • BLUR THE BRAINIAC?

    I never heard about those elements. Thanks!

  • Simon
    Simon Year ago

    Five more elements were discovered there, though they weren't named after the village: scandium, tantalum, holmium, thulium and gadolinium.

  • Lorenz Zahn
    Lorenz Zahn Year ago

    I remember hearing of this in a lecture. They were a pain to separate at the time.

  • Manuel Novak
    Manuel Novak Year ago

    this is always so entertaining. please keep it up! love it!

  • Simon Vetter
    Simon Vetter Year ago

    I live in the runner-up to this place, which has three elements describing its location: Darmstadtium (after the city), Hassium (the state), and Germanium (country).

  • Jonah Hopkin
    Jonah Hopkin Year ago +4

    "I'm sure that this is a nice town, but come on."
    -Randall Munroe, 'Thing Explainer'

  • 5c4v3ng3r
    5c4v3ng3r Year ago

    research FLAT EARTH

  • Alan Tutorial
    Alan Tutorial Year ago

    #29 on trending

  • Michael Grace
    Michael Grace Year ago

    Terbium!!!!!!!!!!

  • The Sweep
    The Sweep Year ago

    Did you use youtube stabilization for this video? i started to feel sick watching it...

  • Alex Csar
    Alex Csar Year ago

    So it's safe to say that #lastnightinsweden a bunch of scientists were feeling a bit smug...

  • BetterDaysIndustries

    Dude honestly your videos are sooo good. Thank you for taking the time to memorize your presentations too. Shows dedication and helps meh focus on what you are saying. I hope you prosper and become the teacher in our kid's future holographic classes.

  • mPky1
    mPky1 Year ago

    How far out of town is that mine ?

  • LexieAssassin
    LexieAssassin Year ago

    You forgot something...
    "...and that's something you might not have known."
    :P

  • iabervon
    iabervon Year ago

    You're too late with this video; the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research has kind of caught up with 4 elements as well, although they varied the granularity around the spot. Still, it's a researcher, his lab, the town, and the oblast. The University of California Radiation Lab also kind of has 4, with a researcher, the town, the state, and the country, although Seaborgium was just in honor of Seaborg, not because he actually worked on discovering it.
    Of course, Ytterby would get a fifth if you include the classical name for the region.

  • scream
    scream Year ago

    Why is it that 1080p 50fps looks the same as 4k 30fps to me?

  • William Esposito
    William Esposito Year ago

    Yes, science.

  • MiauxCatterie
    MiauxCatterie Year ago

    this was a really cool video, thanks for the information.

  • Larry McCabe
    Larry McCabe Year ago

    Only place with 4 elements named after it? How about berkelium, californium, lawrencium, americium; all discovered at Lawrence Berkeley lab in California, America?

  • Pook365
    Pook365 Year ago +3

    "ASM International has designated Ytterby mine an historic landmark"
    ...mine as a historic landmark.
    I'd not have said anything as it's in Sweden after all, but ASM International is based in the USA and that's a properly made sign.

  • smaster7772
    smaster7772 Year ago +1

    beautiful shot!

  • adam carr
    adam carr Year ago

    The town of four elements, The avatar must live there .

  • Ardin Catish
    Ardin Catish Year ago

    I really like Tom's videos. The whole showing the location, variety, etc. are super nice!

  • teslaTrooper
    teslaTrooper Year ago

    I like the higher resolution and framerate but this type of camera movement is really anonying at the higher framerate for some reason. Maybe get some kind of steadying or gimbal setup for this type of walking videos?

  • David W. Smith
    David W. Smith Year ago

    Forgot to mention Gadolin was named after too!

  • Mateo Ramirez
    Mateo Ramirez Year ago

    FAKE, there is no such thing as elements or anything on the periodic table. everything is a computer simulation created by the New World Order. its all a cover up. FAKE

  • Camando
    Camando Year ago

    1440p at 50fps is highly appreciated

  • Jordan Mandel
    Jordan Mandel Year ago

    1:09 is the best part.

  • Dave Heys
    Dave Heys Year ago

    Cool video, bro

  • woodfur00
    woodfur00 Year ago

    Cobalt oxygen lithium oxygen. Tungsten holmium potassium neon tungsten?

  • Peter Börjesson
    Peter Börjesson Year ago +6

    this mine is an hour drive from my home and before this video i had no idea it even existed. mind blown!

  • Shalimar Lake
    Shalimar Lake Year ago

    Apparently you're #37 trending atm? Nice!

  • SchmuzzyHead
    SchmuzzyHead Year ago +10

    This ones a bit elementary

  • johnny chang
    johnny chang Year ago

    Does the modern definition of an element in chemistry include the features of being indivisible by normal physical conditions and being able to be isolated from other elements? If someone could create a container to storage light indefinitely, would it count as an element a per the ancient definition instead of a medium by which energy made transition in between?

  • Charlie Clumsy
    Charlie Clumsy Year ago

    You can't wear a red T-shirt in Sweden apparently.
    Anyway, I'll invite you for a traditional Swedish dinner if you come to Örebro.

  • mpye
    mpye Year ago

    so what is thor's hammer made of?

  • tonxeyboyfatlatte

    Yttrium! My favourite. Had the damn stuff injected into my knee twice.

  • ianj1828
    ianj1828 Year ago +4

    As a Metallurgist, this is awesome. I play with some of those elements almost daily.

  • SweetHandsPlayz // SweetHandsVlogs

    I got ytterbium for a science project

  • TeKaMOTO
    TeKaMOTO Year ago +1

    @1:55 So that sign has been there for 27 years and no one has bothered to correct the "an" to "a" on it?

    • gurrrn
      gurrrn Year ago

      Not really, but it's not necessarily right in British English.

    • Nintendo Logic
      Nintendo Logic Year ago

      Maybe, but does it really matter?
      BTW I'm American.

    • gurrrn
      gurrrn Year ago +2

      Where are you from Nintendo Logic? I've lived in several parts of Britain and have been to others, and the pronunciation is always /hɪˈstɒɹɪk/. I think "an historic" is a pompous linguistic conceit.

    • Nintendo Logic
      Nintendo Logic Year ago +3

      In British English, it's correct, because the "H" is not pronounced.

  • Alexander Brown
    Alexander Brown Year ago

    What type of camera do you use?

  • Daniel
    Daniel Year ago

    Oh wow, camera change... looks great Tom!

  • Jesse Shields
    Jesse Shields Year ago

    Ah, thank you. I've been trying to remember the name of this town for ages.

  • Wademu5
    Wademu5 Year ago

    If you want to learn more about the periodic table read this book: The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Element by SamKean