How does a PILOT KNOW when to DESCEND? Descent planning explained by CAPTAIN JOE

  • Published on Oct 18, 2018
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    Dear friends and followers, in today's video I`ll be explaining a few thumb rules to make your descent planning a lot easier. Initiating the descent at the right moment is one the things/procedures most flight students and even experienced pilots struggle with from time to time. Nowadays airliners are equipped with all sorts of helpful tools showing you when to start your descent but this systems still can´t anticipate the mood of the air traffic controller, which can always interfere with your descent.
    So watch the video and look out for some great and helpful thumb rules which will make your descent planning a lot easier.
    Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this basic introduction about descent planning!
    Wishing you all the best!
    Your "Captain" Joe
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Comments • 1 374

  • Mihaly Freeman
    Mihaly Freeman 19 hours ago

    Joe, HOT & HI!

  • hialpha
    hialpha Day ago

    Captain Joe, I like your logo.

  • Rogelio Sanchez
    Rogelio Sanchez Day ago

    Thank you for another class

  • Joshua Sukhdeo
    Joshua Sukhdeo Day ago

    What simulator do u use??

  • Darwin Sinchi
    Darwin Sinchi 2 days ago

    Has anybody noticed that he has 767 subscribers

  • Marco Crow
    Marco Crow 2 days ago +1

    Didn't understand a thing since i know nothing about planes but it was still interesting (:

  • Shaun Pierce
    Shaun Pierce 2 days ago

    Loved the girlfriend/ex girlfriend analogy haha

  • 123 Fish
    123 Fish 3 days ago

    Do you have a boyfriend?

  • Seven Star
    Seven Star 3 days ago

    Hi! I am a boy of 14 and living in India .I want to become a pilot and I don't know how to start my pilot training and my financial States is not enough to pay for pilot training schl.

  • Mo Ali
    Mo Ali 3 days ago

    Why does the pilots abort landing. I was on Turkish airline from Istanbul to Mogadishu the airplane almost touched down in mogadishu Airport before the pilot speed off 2 times.
    The pilots landed the third time from other direction

  • Mayah De Jesus
    Mayah De Jesus 3 days ago

    I just watch this videos cuz hes cute hihi.

  • pool __dead 7
    pool __dead 7 3 days ago

    Joe please tell me how do I become a pilot if I want to become in Germany..plzz help me ...I am from India and do mention the requirements..for the eligibility..

  • Tim Goodall
    Tim Goodall 4 days ago

    Can't wait to feel the decent next time

  • Tim Goodall
    Tim Goodall 4 days ago

    Love this video! Love your work Capt Joe!

  • roddraym
    roddraym 4 days ago

    As usual, great insight and inspirational! Thanks Capt. J!

  • Goosebumps
    Goosebumps 5 days ago

    Why did he do a 270:3 instead of 27,000 minus the three zeros * 3? (for the Three thousand miles for every 1 nautical mile) ?

  • secret 7
    secret 7 5 days ago

    Will use this for Extreme Landings. Keep it up:)

  • James Karl
    James Karl 5 days ago

    The 747 has a glide ratio of a lead balloon.

  • zynth123
    zynth123 5 days ago

    Please stop with the capitals in your titles. It almost puts me off from viewing.

  • Javier Ramirez
    Javier Ramirez 5 days ago

    Great video as always. Thank you Joe i've really learned with your videos

  • Elke Summer
    Elke Summer 6 days ago

    Should I be worried that professional airline pilots are actually learning landing techniques from a TVclip video??

    • Elke Summer
      Elke Summer 6 days ago

      I'm just jealous that this sounds like Chinese to me!!

  • omar mohammed
    omar mohammed 6 days ago

    Or He /she has to give you permission? Or you have to tell them that You are going to reach the the point? Or what the procedure exactly ?

  • omar mohammed
    omar mohammed 6 days ago

    Captin :
    When we reach the TOD point, are we going to descend without taking permission from the Air Traffic Control

  • Albert
    Albert 7 days ago

    what just happened

  • Venice Eb
    Venice Eb 7 days ago

    Does pilot needs to be a math expert?

  • István Takács
    István Takács 7 days ago

    (off: the background music/noise is very annoying for me... )

  • SomeRandomArstotzkanFederation - SRAF

    You can always go around

  • Johan Els
    Johan Els 7 days ago

    What are "puppy lights" on runways?

  • That LIFEBoy1000
    That LIFEBoy1000 8 days ago

    Thanks Captain Jœ!

  • Dabooom 12
    Dabooom 12 8 days ago

    dada dada dödodödo ICH MÖCHTE FLIEGEN!!!!!1!11

  • S. Eashwar
    S. Eashwar 8 days ago

    Captain Joe, does the auto pilot control the airplane when you start descend?, Or is it the pilots taking control of the plane as soon as descend starts?

  • Phillip Mulligan
    Phillip Mulligan 9 days ago

    The future of profitability belongs to air freight. Passenger liners can barely turn a profit but air cargo carriers keep making fist full of money. There is so much profitability in airfreight that airliners will be asking for airliners that carry over 80% payload to cargo than passengers. You can thank Amazon and other online shopping operations for this.

  • UT BRO
    UT BRO 9 days ago

    Fucking annoying ads

  • Eugene Onegin
    Eugene Onegin 9 days ago

    I thought approach control told you when to do it .

  • Achilleas Labrou
    Achilleas Labrou 10 days ago

    The answer is simple. When there is no fuel.

  • KHAN
    KHAN 10 days ago

    Hello Captain Joe. I've seen some of your vids', and i must say that like how you explain and show examples. But everytime you change the picture into a example. You then use a "white flash" when the picture changes. This kind of flashes causes/induces epilepsy. And it's very worrisome and irritating. (Atleast for me). If you wish to continue using it, fine. But i will not continue to watch your channel and i will have no other choice but to unsubscribe. Thanks in advance.

  • DrHarryT
    DrHarryT 10 days ago

    How does a PILOT KNOW when to DESCEND?
    When he runs out of gas.

  • Dave Jones
    Dave Jones 10 days ago

    I hope you people get chemtrails flu like it almost killed me from breathing that crap.

  • joses box
    joses box 11 days ago

    3:1 Usually.

  • Darby M
    Darby M 11 days ago

    I must say, this man has a dating pool out of this world! lol

  • EVA_Unit_4A
    EVA_Unit_4A 12 days ago

    Captain Joe,
    Could you please make a video regarding the increase in cockpit automation in cargo/passenger flights VS allowing the pilots to use their own judgment, training and experience to fly a plane? Technology is increasingly attempting to remove the human factor from flying an airplane more-and-more, and I'd like your thoughts on this since you are right in the middle of the commercial flying industry. At what point do _you_ think technology should _not_ be replacing a human pilot? Also, do you think automation in the cockpit is increasingly dulling of the senses and sensibilities of human pilots _despite_ constant training and refresher courses?

  • Lou howard
    Lou howard 12 days ago

    I am 81 years old, taking flying lessons and hope to become a commercial pilot in the next 3-5 years. This was very helpful.

    MIND THE GAP 12 days ago

    Too difficult. I`ll rather being a passenger enjoying the flight.:-)

  • Dakhil Alsubaie
    Dakhil Alsubaie 12 days ago

    Keep the plan secret and enjoy watching the reality 🤣📺🗺 .

  • nope
    nope 14 days ago

    i've been in a flight with easyjet from hamburg to basel last year, the jet was just some 5-7miles out of basel when the pilot just dropped the plane in steep 30°C angle downwards from about 9000 feet to catch up with the centerline - it kinda was fun but also quite scary as it felt like an uncontrolled roller coaster ride....

  • Abrew Abraham Alex
    Abrew Abraham Alex 14 days ago

    Is that the pmdg 747?

  • Xx T0M47O xX
    Xx T0M47O xX 15 days ago +1

    How does a pilot know when to SLOW DOWN! ugh, missed it again

  • Oscar Sanchez
    Oscar Sanchez 15 days ago

    Where does he get the 3 from When he divides ??

  • Carlos Dominguez
    Carlos Dominguez 15 days ago

    I'm still a student!

  • Patrick Johnston
    Patrick Johnston 15 days ago

    Love your show... but with only 6% of pilots being female, I think we should be encouraging more girls to fly... the analogy you used rang shallow... The folks at may have offered a better analogy for you... and maybe you could ask them to be a guest speaker at their next events - you have much to share...

  • Hot Knife Gaming
    Hot Knife Gaming 15 days ago

    great video! 4:29 , where did the 3 come from?

  • Jonath Nasasira
    Jonath Nasasira 15 days ago

    How come you have 3 yellow stripes, yet captains normally have 4?

  • Nabil Dhifallah
    Nabil Dhifallah 16 days ago

    really good idea to reduce speed and lose altitude thanks for captain JOE

  • Nishant Raj
    Nishant Raj 16 days ago

    Won't you just follow the STAR ?

  • Challa Satya
    Challa Satya 16 days ago

    Great Joe

  • hagopovski
    hagopovski 17 days ago

    A good pilot has no time to learn where the subscribe button is positioned on youtube. Got it.

  • Michał G
    Michał G 17 days ago

    Is Charlize Theron your girlfriend?

  • musa khan13
    musa khan13 17 days ago

    Boeing is better than airbus!

  • Rich Eklund
    Rich Eklund 19 days ago

    I always just use (feet needed to descend / 3) to get the distance needed as you said, then round up to the nearest 5nm.
    Then to get FPM required I do (GS / 2 x 10). 200kt / 2 = 100 x 10 = 1000fpm. This is effectively the same as GS x 5, but I find it a bit easier to for some reason.
    Only takes a few seconds to do those calculation in your head and will at least get you in the ballpark for where you need to be.

  • gang208
    gang208 19 days ago

    I always thought the autopilots on board modern airplanes are sophisticate enough to calculate everything and make the right decisions.

  • DsYkX Plays games
    DsYkX Plays games 19 days ago +1

    For AIRBUS!

  • Pitou Seang
    Pitou Seang 19 days ago

    why isn't it faster to fly west since the earth is moving to East?

  • Salah Almadani
    Salah Almadani 20 days ago

    Can you make a video about the Indonesian new plane that crashed please. How cab a new airplane crash only 13min after take off !?

  • Emilio Paolo Picciau
    Emilio Paolo Picciau 20 days ago

    We uagliù ! CAPEESH ? AHAHAH great Captain Joe ! Best in the world absolutely !

  • Ezbon Mureithi
    Ezbon Mureithi 20 days ago

    I have always watched your videos and I have never entered into a plane. But I love them.

  • Λmadeus
    Λmadeus 20 days ago +1

    Oooo the pmdg 748 :)

  • Dario Impini
    Dario Impini 21 day ago

    Damn. Glad you smarty pants guys are in charge of this stuff and not me.

  • G Λ M Ξ R
    G Λ M Ξ R 21 day ago

    I hate math...

  • \R.M.N/
    \R.M.N/ 21 day ago

    Thank You Very Mutch Joe!

  • Tom M
    Tom M 21 day ago

    It's RULES OF THUMB, Joe, not "thump rules". Great video though.

  • Floral Mogul
    Floral Mogul 21 day ago

    Hey Joe, do you fly the Queen of England? WoW!...DOUBLE WOW! Kindly share....what we're your academic 'gifts' or specialties...if u don't mind me asking? ......Did you have ANY difficulties whatsoever with your flight schools? By the sound of it, it sounds like you Aced-in-the-hole EVERY exam, etc.... Please, kindly SHARE YOUR ENTIRE STORY! ☺️😁👍🏼✈️🛬🛩🌎

  • Channel C
    Channel C 21 day ago

    I'm suggesting that it would e much helpful if you can mention prerequest videoes at the begining.Thank you and I really enjoy with your videoes.

  • Anonymous faggot
    Anonymous faggot 22 days ago

    background music? slow mo guys? anyone? xd

  • Dakhil Alsubaie
    Dakhil Alsubaie 22 days ago

    Critical investigations will solve their shortages from all angles.

  • Silwiu
    Silwiu 22 days ago

    I quit the vlog with more questions then i came :)))

  • micha0001
    micha0001 22 days ago

    Must think of the early vids from the SlowMo Guys cause of the music... ;-)

  • DonStefan01
    DonStefan01 22 days ago

    Wieder ein tolles video. Danke Joe

  • Brian Bishop
    Brian Bishop 22 days ago

    Difference between “Ground” and “Air” speed ?

  • ScotchEgg
    ScotchEgg 22 days ago

    Computer does 99.9% of the flying.
    Pilot takes off, engages auto pilot, takes manual control a few hundred feet before landing - AP can also land should it be necessary.

  • Master Of The Known Universe

    Let me reveal you the best guarded secret in aviation :D . You just switch your meters on, on your PFD and take the last two digits off. In APs like 737 or 320 this works like a charm. 12300m = 123NM. Flying bigger plane needs for a constant to be added, which in a A330 is 15 or 20NM. Gives you 123+15=138NM. Little bonus: you have you meters displayed in realtime and there is no need for calculations... Happy flying...

  • Harshan Jayawickrama
    Harshan Jayawickrama 22 days ago

    Wow..! what an explain..! (X-GF :P)

  • Stinky Sundae
    Stinky Sundae 22 days ago

    Pilot can you do a video about airplane maintenance and repairs?

  • Martin L
    Martin L 22 days ago

    When you have to go pee and the toilet is all plugged up?

  • ker der
    ker der 23 days ago

    When he looks down & see the landing strip ready... Hehehe

  • yankeeshogun
    yankeeshogun 23 days ago

    When the fuel runs out, obviously.

  • zahir Khan
    zahir Khan 23 days ago


  • Aviate
    Aviate 23 days ago

    Was she really cooking dinner or needed more time to get him out the door - LOL. Seriously, your videos are great - and full of great information, Pilot, TTL Time: 4750

  • Steven D.
    Steven D. 23 days ago

    There is a good movie called “pushing tin”.

  • Paulie Walnuts
    Paulie Walnuts 23 days ago

    I've planed a different route to my X now because I've found a fuel saving option.

  • Bhupesh Shah
    Bhupesh Shah 23 days ago +1

    Yes I do miss the mighty queen of the sky

  • Rahr
    Rahr 24 days ago

    I was on a flight where the captain announced descent... Then descended and ascended again..he then turned the plane around and round for an hour several times..before the final descent.. I was really scared! I still wonder why

  • edrisian edrisian
    edrisian edrisian 24 days ago

    would you mind about freezing level calculation?

  • flyingtuvi
    flyingtuvi 24 days ago

    I honestly got lost at the 1 minute mark.

  • Daniel Hamdan
    Daniel Hamdan 24 days ago

    Joe,i want to know how pilot handle hijackers

  • Aviator Inspirations
    Aviator Inspirations 24 days ago +8

    Really well put together video Joe! It’s true that many people rely too much on the FMS and forget simple 3 degree mental math. I like how you also mention kinetic energy, because it’s easy to descend too low and drag the airplane in, but it’s also our job to fly the airplane most efficiently to minimize fuel burn and costs.

  • Chetan M
    Chetan M 25 days ago

    Hey there Captain Joe, your videos are very informative and we'll edited thanks for the information,I have a request can you please do a video on hot brakes of an aircraft? Thanks bye and happy landing.

  • Hayasaki Naru
    Hayasaki Naru 25 days ago

    why you delete your video?

  • Observatore
    Observatore 25 days ago

    like, if you thought about TheSlowMoGuys whilst watching ^^ + if you know why haha

  • Max Hof
    Max Hof 25 days ago

    Thanks Captain Joe you are a great teacher. It helps a lot to fly &approach with FSX

  • TheRandomGamer
    TheRandomGamer 25 days ago

    I have been searching how to calculate descent and I finally found a very detailed one! Thanks captain see you in the skies!