Russia's Geography Problem

  • Published on Mar 28, 2017
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    “What if Russia Never Existed” by AlternateHistoryHub:
    “What if the Soviet Union Reunited” by RealLifeLore:
    This video was based on a chapter of the book “Prisoners of Geography” by Tim Marshall. It’s the best book I’ve read so far in 2017 so I highly encourage you to give it a read.
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    Select visuals courtesy
    The full script with sources can be found here:
    Sound by Graham Haerther (
    Thumbnail by Joseph Cieplinski (
    Research by William Mayne, Sam Moran, Ollie Orton, Jakob S.
    Big thanks to Patreon supporters: Rob Harvey, Venkata Kaushik Nunna, Josh Berger, Paul Jihoon Choi, Huang MingLei, Dylan Benson, Maximillian van Kasbergen, Victor Zimmer, William Chappell, Eyal Matsliah, Sihien,Joseph Bull, Marcelo Alves Vieira, Jonah Paarman, maco2035, Hank Green, Plinio Correa, Connor J Smith, Brady Bellini
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Comments • 9 033

  • Wendover Productions
    Wendover Productions  Year ago +2028

    I hope you like this video! I know its a bit more serious than some others ones but hopefully its still an enjoyable watch.
    Also, people have been asking for them, so I’ve put a link in the description to a copy of the script with sources in footnotes. I’ll be doing that for every video from now on.
    Please also go and check out backblaze! Sponsors make this channel happen (seriously) and Backblaze is a legitimately good product that I’ve used for a while so at the very least go and try them out with their 15 day free trial. It helps both me and you out.

    • Dani Mahesa
      Dani Mahesa Day ago

      Not bad!

      JONATHAN SUTCLIFFE 7 days ago


    • Joseph Holandes
      Joseph Holandes 18 days ago

      Please make one about the Philippines!

    • Stalin
      Stalin Month ago

      What did you say about our geography boi?

    • Xxxperimental
      Xxxperimental Month ago

      You blatantly lied about the GDP, lol

  • rene L
    rene L 9 hours ago

    9:23 The boats name is steal the gas 😂

  • mark ellis
    mark ellis 23 hours ago

    communist china killed millions and will do the same in africa

  • KvAT
    KvAT Day ago +1

    They have strong bone-chilling winter, so atleast they have that going incase another nazi attack ever shows up

  • Mattman365
    Mattman365 2 days ago

    0:52 "Centralized" *USSR ANTHEM INTENSIFIES*

  • Rita Agaeva
    Rita Agaeva 2 days ago

    Bullshet! Russian marine military is strong enough to face NATO, so it is not a geographical problem at all. You should be scientifically strong in your facts, rather then politically involved.

  • Blacc Karat
    Blacc Karat 2 days ago


  • lvlaple4Ever
    lvlaple4Ever 3 days ago

    5.4k salty Russians have disliked this video.

  • Adrian Motley
    Adrian Motley 3 days ago


  • Adrian Motley
    Adrian Motley 3 days ago

    Fuck Russia

  • Tom Hill
    Tom Hill 3 days ago +1

    It's funny how the United States will benefit from importing LNG into Europe after they started all the problems in the Ukraine. Yet people are so fucking stupid they don't see this.
    Wake up people. It's right in front of you.
    If you want to find out who is behind most of the geo political bullshit in the world just find out who benefits and you will have your answer.

  • Tom Hill
    Tom Hill 3 days ago

    Russia didn't really invade Crimea. They had stationed many thousands of soldiers and sailors based in many military bases in Crimea. And you left out that the population of Crimea is overwhelmingly ethnic Russian and the language spoken in Crimea is Russian. The troops just came out of their bases and took control away from a neo Nazi fascist government fully supported by the United States.

  • John Smith
    John Smith 4 days ago +1

    *Uhm. Khan conquered Russia and Poland for several hundred years. The "Mongol Yolk". Why wasn't this mentioned??*

  • Snöw
    Snöw 4 days ago

    Have you ever try to see another point of view?
    Actualy we are all human race can't get rid of war's and killing habits.
    It's 21 century we are still in mid ages but with gadgets.
    Maybe only AI can help us and with technological singularity we'll step forward

  • V12ish
    V12ish 4 days ago

    The Northern part of Russian is becoming increasingly accessible due to the melting glaciers. There are new ports that has sprung is last few years. You intentionally left out the city of Murmansk. There's an ice free port out there. You talked about the navy but never once mentioned that Russia has the third strongest Navy in the world. Perhaps, there's an agenda behind this video. Nice attempt at making Russia look weak.

  • Jurij Nabukov
    Jurij Nabukov 4 days ago

    And if USA will be down with Bank credits than all world will learn Russian and Chines ;)

  • Дмитрий Савельев

    Половина "фактов" - полная ахинея.

  • brs rafal
    brs rafal 5 days ago

    the real answer is vodka many russians drink their talents and potential away and i'm not stereotyping

  • JuYoung Park
    JuYoung Park 5 days ago

    Seanof east( japan) is not controlled by japan and you have drawn some wrong controversial red marks on the see what a crap youtube channel 6:07

  • seshu narendra
    seshu narendra 5 days ago

    Nice Explanation

  • Confused Commie
    Confused Commie 6 days ago

    There is an ongoing war between Russians, Ukrainians and western Europeans going in the comments.
    Warning! There is vulgarity in Russian too

  • 1a
    1a 6 days ago

    Russia don't need ice free waters anymore! Russia needs more nuclear submarines!!!

  • luxon4
    luxon4 7 days ago

    russias problem and poverty is not cause of geography... what a disingenuous video

  • Parvez Techlab dev6
    Parvez Techlab dev6 7 days ago

    LOL. Maybe USA is getting fear from the development of the others. That is you are making this video. Donot worry. USA has dollar. They will print as they need. Ha ha ha ha

  • AlphaMatthews
    AlphaMatthews 7 days ago

    Why do people dislike this, is it actually this bad, its just like disrespecting your teacher, we learn from these videos.

  • Shawn Elliott
    Shawn Elliott 8 days ago +1

    Russia's geography can be explained like this: Russia is what was left-over after other countries claimed the good bits of Asia.

  • Phone Number
    Phone Number 8 days ago

    It's extremely tragic you are spreading disinformation and lies. You have over a million subscribers. With that comes a bit of responsibility, and I think you know this.

  • John Doe
    John Doe 8 days ago

    Russia is now a weak nation and sees its demographic collapse writ large on its future. Russia should be treated as the dangerous, wounded animal that it is.

  • Dima Nedopaka
    Dima Nedopaka 8 days ago

    Author-idiot. He create own history 😝😝😝👎👎👎

  • Franz
    Franz 8 days ago

    Exactly the plane you dapacted were occupied by sattelite states during the Cols war: East Germany, Poland and Romania were/are located in this depicted plane. So the Sovjet union wold have been able to defend its boarders already in allied territory thorughout eastern Europe. Additionally it has to be noted that especially Ukraine, Moldova as well as Belarus increasingly as well (because of growing disputes with Russia and an increasing trade relationship with the EU in the Form of the Baltic states and Poland) are looking towards the West and Russia feels threatened by it. It looks like the Ukraine Crisis only had the goal to show Belarus and the Ukraine that Russia will not let go of the residual buffer zone, even if it is only neutral. Finally Russia takes huge efforts to undermine European democracies and the EU as a whole, and NATO if Putin can, via financing right wing populist parties which attack sanctions against Russia, want to weaken or even dismantle the EU. Plus it could well be that Putin helped Trump to be elected in order to weaken the transatlantic partnership in therms of defense and trade, or wt least he wanted to prevent an 8 year long Clinton presidency, which would have made the transatlantic bond even stronger. Russia also, as we know, undermines the western democracy by spreading fake news about migrants,Islam and other topics right wing populsts can use for their ends. The irony: Russia uses our freedom of speach against us.

  • Alem Čelik
    Alem Čelik 8 days ago

    Why is the tittle in Bosnian

  • bigbangg gandangbig
    bigbangg gandangbig 9 days ago

    I see it like this like game of thrones, Russia is the north where the good guys are and where that bitch witch sits and kills everyone because she paranoid is the west and the north will prevail

  • Brandon Parnell
    Brandon Parnell 9 days ago

    So strengthen euro-american ties you screw russia

  • Nihilarity
    Nihilarity 9 days ago

    Your channel name made me double-take. Wendover is a village near my home town, I've never heard the word used anywhere else

  • Zach P
    Zach P 9 days ago

    Russia's geography is more of an advantage than a disadvantage and it's economy keeps going up despite it. It's Europe's second biggest economy right after Germany and it will surpass it in a few years. Sanctions aren't gripping.

  • Kostadin Tchatchev
    Kostadin Tchatchev 11 days ago

    example how west brain wash propaganda works

  • Amiibo Alec
    Amiibo Alec 11 days ago

    cloud data backup doesn't really work when you have an upload speed of 1 mb/s

  • Nigel de wit
    Nigel de wit 11 days ago

    UK, Japan, China back in the days the most powerfull navy in the world *Laughs in dutch*

  • darkstrider
    darkstrider 12 days ago

    soon naval power will mean nothing its going to be sophisticated missiles and thats when we all need to shit ourselves

  • Anna
    Anna 12 days ago


  • Mr. Kyle O'Connell
    Mr. Kyle O'Connell 13 days ago +3

    Love Russia, Amazing Country!!! 🇷🇺❤️

  • Subi_fan
    Subi_fan 13 days ago

    Baltics were a bufferzone for USSR and now theyre a bufferzone for NATO, either way its highly unlikely NATO would come to help Baltics in an event of full scale russian invasion, who wants to start a WW3 over 3 small states that have no global significance whats so ever. Allies already didnt said a word after WW2 when Stalin didnt gave Baltic states their sovereignty back.

  • Borking Doggo
    Borking Doggo 14 days ago

    Russia's Geography Problem
    China's Geography Problem
    How Geography Gave the US Power

  • Maria Kelly
    Maria Kelly 14 days ago

    Who needs oceans when your best friend is President of the United States of America.

    • Subi_fan
      Subi_fan 13 days ago

      Muh russian probe...

  • T-84 Oplot-M Ukraine
    T-84 Oplot-M Ukraine 14 days ago

    Thank you for the video!! I am from Ukraine, Kiev !!! and that's right in this video!!!
    Thanks for the subtitles !!!

  • Ilea Vazan
    Ilea Vazan 15 days ago

    Well, how the f***K Genghis Khan conquered Russia in less than 30 years ?

    • Subi_fan
      Subi_fan 13 days ago

      Cuz russians were mere peasants back then.

  • Marxist Squidward
    Marxist Squidward 15 days ago

    When you see the title of this video but you're communist
    *What problem?*

    MAESTRANZAFILM 15 days ago

    Buen canal de geopolitica, no te lo puedes perder es el mejor análisis

    ALLAHUS AKBARUS 15 days ago

    fuck the nato

  • Dheeraj Kumar
    Dheeraj Kumar 15 days ago +1

    55% of russia in inhabited.

  • Mylintis LIETUVĄ
    Mylintis LIETUVĄ 16 days ago

    Wrong information! Lithuania doesn't use anymore any of Russia gas!!! 0% gas now coming from Russia!!!

  • Multirage
    Multirage 17 days ago


  • Hola jacks
    Hola jacks 17 days ago

    Haha Russia's invasion of Crimea. That is not an example of invasion. People welcomed Russia. Thwe perfect example of invasion is Muricunts attacking Iraq,Afganistan and Libya.

  • Alexander Davronov
    Alexander Davronov 17 days ago

    As being Russian personally I can say only that the video is completely foolish.
    1. Ports on the north and east aren't completely blocked by ice. During most of the year they are free from Ice.
    2. Maritime law prohibits blocking trading pathways until certain circumstances so neither South nor the East can be blocked from trading during peaceful time.
    3. Majority of countries that the Russia is trading with are located nearby its borders: China, European Union etc...
    4. _"Maritime power = power"_ - stupidest thing I've ever heard.
    5. _"Russia's Geography Problem"_ - It's only a problem if you trying to conquer it, otherwise it is an advantage.
    There is no need to pave the way overseas meanwhile there is already a cheaper one on the land.

  • Chill Vibes
    Chill Vibes 18 days ago

    I`m learning so much with your videos!

  • Finntastique
    Finntastique 18 days ago

    The claim at 8:50, that Finland is entirely dependent on Russian gas is complete bullshit. Only 21.2 % of Finland's energy consumption comes from fossil fuels, including natural gas, and that figure includes oil, coal, peat and wood as well. We have plenty of the last two.

  • Hyskoa Hunter
    Hyskoa Hunter 18 days ago +1

    "The bloody mire of Mongolian slavery, not the rude glory of the Norman epoch, forms the cradle of Muscovy, and modern Russia is but a metamorphosis of Muscovy… It was but by the conversion of Muscovy from a country wholly of land into a sea-bordering empire, that the traditional limits of the Muscovite policy could be superseded and merged into that bold synthesis which, blending the world-conquering tendencies of the Mongol master, forms the life-spring of modern Russian diplomacy."
    -- Karl Marx

    • Ana Bona
      Ana Bona 15 days ago

      It' s proven that Karl Marx was wrong in many ways.

  • Mcaroni
    Mcaroni 18 days ago

    "Sea of Japan, controlled by Japan..."

  • MHz
    MHz 18 days ago

    Russian gas contributes only 6% in energy budget of Germany. As a matter of fact, Russia depend on Germany much more that Germany itself depend on Russian gas. But German ambitions depend on access to cheap Russian gas. Over a 70 years of Washington and Londo's effort to contain Russia's economic development by completely blocking access to European markets is failing this time. Because German "Reich" of Angela Merkel want to use russian gas to secure german economic and, possibly, political power over american backyard - client states in eastern europe (former allies of Russia).

  • That One guy
    That One guy 19 days ago


  • Happyville27
    Happyville27 19 days ago

    Umm doesn’t the US have either the largest or second largest navy today? Correct me if I’m wrong

  • Akin Khoo
    Akin Khoo 19 days ago

    Japan is not an ally of NATO. NATO is not the US, and US is not NATO. if NATO goes to war with Russia, Japan is not required to enter the war, they are not pact allies.

  • Joe Pineapples
    Joe Pineapples 19 days ago

    If Russia wants to be a truly dominant power it needs to fully develop their Silicon Valley. Create their versions of Intel, AMD, NVidia, Texas Instruments, Fluke, Microsoft and Google. Without these kinds of industries their will always be playing second best behind the West and East Asia. They need copy the tactics of South Korea and Japan when it come to developing their Silicon industries.

  • Роман Осипов
    Роман Осипов 19 days ago +2

    I am Russian. And the problem is not about geography, the problem is about our stupid ass government that steals money from the country. Used to be a strong country, we were good at space exploring and economics were good. But now... little bitch is governing our country, really sad. That’s why I moved to Thailand))

  • John King
    John King 19 days ago

    As the Arctic melts Russia's transport problems are going to be massively reduced. The North East passage will make Russia more powerful than ever before

  • Mathew Bateman
    Mathew Bateman 19 days ago

    Georgia is a very curious country! They have the English flag with 4 crosses and the name of its many monarchs? Why?

  • HELL 666
    HELL 666 19 days ago

    Я из Новороссийска

  • Zhabivnyk Salskyi
    Zhabivnyk Salskyi 20 days ago

    Ukraine never joined CIS technically, since such join requires a vote of the Parliament, which never happend. However, Russian propaganda consistantly claimed that Ukraine is a part of CIS

  • Quattro 4
    Quattro 4 20 days ago

    The bit of the us exporting natural gas to europe is a bit misleading. Thrre isnt enough tankers to supply even a majority to europe. Building such tankers would be almost impossible as 5 tankers should be produced every month to accomplish this. Each tanker takes 2 years to build. More or less.

  • MrBaconGuy
    MrBaconGuy 20 days ago

    I hope Putin burns in hell

  • Elias da Silva Benedito

    The twin towers were a ''geographical problem?''

    • Elias da Silva Benedito
      Elias da Silva Benedito 13 days ago +1

      It's sad, this story was very bizarre and strange, we here in Brazil think the same thing ...

    • Subi_fan
      Subi_fan 13 days ago +1

      Yes because if they kept standing, there wouldnt be support from nation for invading Iraq.

  • Elias da Silva Benedito

    You can notice: this channel speaks only well, its country of origin, because the others have a problem, geographical ... how much nonsense and disinformation, my friend. (Podem reparar: esse canal só fala bem do seu país de origem, porque os outros todos tem um ''problema'' geográfico...quanta bobagem e desinformação, amigo.)

  • Ганс Пайпер

    Thanks. It was really interesting and well made video.
    Hellow everybody from Russia :3

  • Eskiriatai
    Eskiriatai 21 day ago

    I remember reading a book about Marxism claiming that Russia was the heart of the world and key to excer power over the major superpowers since it is relatively close to the most powerful countries at least in the air

  • nivchek
    nivchek 21 day ago

    "Invade" Crimea? Bwahahaha!

  • Mikhail Rezazadeh
    Mikhail Rezazadeh 21 day ago

    "Reality is just the confluence of chance and circumstance." Nice nod to Tolstoy at the end ;)

  • kumar murala
    kumar murala 21 day ago

    I think author feels everything on earth problem, as he says.

  • Ultrametric
    Ultrametric 21 day ago

    Love your vids generally but this one is sort of lame :)

  • Alex K
    Alex K 22 days ago

    Ivan the Terrible isn't an accurate translation. In Russian its Иван Грозный, which literally would translate to Ivan the Fearsome or Ivan the Formidable . Granted he was terrible so it kinda sorta makes sense

  • Backstage Bum
    Backstage Bum 22 days ago

    I would say "choice and circumstance" not chance or add it. Due to moral, ethical, or cultural backgrounds, certain people choose to pursue or not pursue actions that would lead to their growth as nations. There are and were plenty of civilizations that had every opportunity to explode as a world power but choose not to do so either due to ethical qualms about anti-imperialism or mass genocide, etc. Granted circumstances and chance affect these but they don't outright dictate them. Sometimes choices nations make such as conquest decisions hurt them in the future. A lot of border concerns are tied to relations with their neighbors that those countries chose to make. Russia, for example, already had two great chances to become close allies with western powers while being allies in both WW1 and WW2. But their choice to pursue antagonistic communism to the west's capitalism and many other choices during the Cold War created that divide that didn't need to be there.
    Human history is defined by countless choices big and small made by everyone over time. Two people facing the same chances and circumstances can have drastically different lives depending on their choices.

  • Maria Espudiya
    Maria Espudiya 22 days ago

    Blackbaze geo problem

  • Seymour Skinner
    Seymour Skinner 22 days ago

    I can't look at the top side of Russia on a mercator projection without cringing hard.

  • Truster
    Truster 22 days ago

    "From one man he has made every nationality to live over the whole earth and has determined their appointed times and the boundaries of where they live".

  • Big Lurch D
    Big Lurch D 23 days ago

    This video is riddled with so many inaccuracies. The UK my own country gets 25% of its gas from Russia

  • Big Lurch D
    Big Lurch D 23 days ago

    This video is way out of date. The war in Ukraine has been going on since 2014. The Ukrainians are no longer an ally of Russia. Update the fucking thing

  • john smith
    john smith 23 days ago

    Coulld Russia invade US-No-Landspace impossibleCould Russia Russia invade USA-Landspace impossibleCould Russia invade UK-On paper like Hitler

  • john smith
    john smith 23 days ago

    Not to the US and UK nuke programme. Morally, they only hit known areas. Will avoid people and hit cunts who drew first blood. Their capability is true. Like your World Boxing Champion lost twice.

  • nipi tiri
    nipi tiri 23 days ago

    I guess thats why russians seem so optimistic about climate change. Ports wont freeze over and you can use Arctic shipping routes.

  • мистер твистер

    the paradox is that having large resources,Russia is a poor country.All the money is in the hands of oligarchs.Fixed capital is held in major cities such as Moscow and St. Petersburg.The average income of a Russian is 3692 dollars a year.The statistics of Russian lying,the majority of Russian and personally my salary is $ 307 per month.I live in a small town and have a higher education,I see everything with my own eyes,and not something that lies in the media.

  • David Parker
    David Parker 23 days ago

    Heard of these things called ice breakers - heard they are pretty good at breaking ice for other ships to access.

  • Yoon jae Yi
    Yoon jae Yi 23 days ago

    Hi,Wendover productions
    In this video, you mentioned Sea of Japan, which is controlled by Japan. However, in fact, the word 'Sea of Japan' is inappropriate. It's original name is East Sea, as it is located in eastern side of Asia. This name has been used for more than 2 millenium and it is historically true. I hope you refrain from using word 'Sea of Japan'
    Thank you

  • Michael Kot
    Michael Kot 24 days ago

    Ukraine lost a lot by separating from Russia, looking from the USA.

  • SageSJ50
    SageSJ50 24 days ago

    couldn't they just pass through the border of Russia and Japan through the Russian side????

  • AC Fake
    AC Fake 24 days ago

    in fact , if the water is warmer , Napoleon conquered Russia long time ago .

  • Vault-Tec Rep
    Vault-Tec Rep 24 days ago

    0:09 immense? You mean im-minsk?

  • Desperado070
    Desperado070 24 days ago

    UK hahahaha, maybe do you'r homework?

  • Epp Volkov
    Epp Volkov 24 days ago

    For an educational *geography* video, your maps are way off. E.g. at 7:38 half of Estonia and Latvia and about 75% of Lithuania are missing (placed under Russia), most of Belarus dislocated and Ukraine just wrong. You can do better than that!

  • Dom Jervis
    Dom Jervis 25 days ago +1

    I read or heard that Venezuela has the largest oil reserves in the world. I remember thinking, "Bigger than Russia? Oh...I don't know about that."
    Maybe someone reading this can confirm or refute? Thanks in advance.

  • 0 4
    0 4 25 days ago


  • Judith Judith
    Judith Judith 25 days ago

    American empire has no allies. America is the only serious threat to Europe. America needs the European market. Russia never failed in delivering gas or oil to Europe. It was the US slave ukraine to stop those supplies and use it against Russia. What kind of ally is the US when imposes sanctions to its allies? US is the last empire on Earth and the good here is that most of the Western states already realize that the US together with the UK - threat of stable and strong Europe. Puppets states like the Baltic bitches, Poland, Georgia and Ukraine are very temporal "allies". Turkey and Russia fought 12 times, but not Russia is building nuclear power plant in Turkey and the Turkish Stream - business and interests!!! US does not care of allies but for its own interests.